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irish school easter holidays 2016

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Irish School Holidays 2015-2017

by IAYO · December 9, 2014

The school Christmas, Easter and mid-term breaks in the first and second terms have now been standardised for the school years 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17. The arrangement will be reviewed no later than August 2016. The dates for school breaks in the 2014/15 term are as follows:

Christmas 2014

  • 19 December  – 5 January

February 2015 Mid Term Break

  • All primary schools will close from 19 and 20 February. They may use 3 discretionary days to extend this to an alternative option of a 5 day break for the period from 16 January to 20 January inclusive unless changes are required as part of contingency arrangements to make up for lost time due to unforeseen school closures.
  • Post-primary schools will close from 16-20 January inclusive unless changes are required to make up for unforeseen school closures.
  • Where contingency arrangements are required, a school may reduce the length of the break by remaining open up to and including 18 February.

Easter 2015

  • All schools will close on 27 March.
  • If arrangements are required to make up for lost time the school may remain open up to and including 1 April.
  • All schools will reopen on 13 April.

 

School Year 2015/16

October 2015 Mid Term Break

  • All schools will close from 26 October to 30 October 2015 inclusive.

Christmas 2015

  • All schools will close on 22 December and reopen on 6 January

February 2016 Mid Term Break

  • All primary schools will close on 18 and 19 February.
  • This may be extended to a five day break from 15 to 19 February, unless changes are required to make up for unseen closures.
  • Post primary schools will close from 15-19 February, unless changes re required for unforeseen closures.
  • If contingency arrangements are required a school may remain open up to an including 17 February.

Easter 2016

  • All schools will close on 16 March.
  • Where contingency arrangements are required, a school may reduce the length of the break by remaining open to and including 23 March.
  • All schools will reopen on 4 April.

 

School Year 2016/17

October 2016 Mid Term Break

  • All schools will close from 31 October until 4 November inclusive.

Christmas 2016

  • All schools will close on 22 December and reopen on 9 January.

February 2017 Mid Term Break

  • All primary schools will close on 23 and 24 February.
  • Primary schools may use 3 discretionary days to extend it to a five day break from 20 to 24 February, unless days are needed to make up for unforeseen closures.
  • Post primary schools will close from 20 to 24 February inclusive.
  • Where contingency measures are required, a school may remain open up to and including 22 February.

Easter 2017

  • All schools will close 7 April.
  • Where contingency measures are required a school may remain open up to and including 12 April.
  • All schools will reopen on 24 April.

 

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Text editor to open big (giant, huge, large) text files [closed]

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up vote
1023
down vote

favorite

412

I mean 100+ MB big; such text files can push the envelope of editors.

I need to look through a large XML file, but cannot if the editor is buggy.

Any suggestions?

windows xml editor text-editor large-files
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edited Mar 14 ’10 at 20:24


community wiki

6 revs, 5 users 56%
Dave Jarvis

closed as not constructive by Kev Jan 27 ’12 at 1:47

As it currently stands, this question is not a good fit for our Q&A format. We expect answers to be supported by facts, references, or expertise, but this question will likely solicit debate, arguments, polling, or extended discussion. If you feel that this question can be improved and possibly reopened, visit the help center for guidance. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center , please edit the question .

locked by Matt Sep 2 ’15 at 20:08

This question’s answers are a collaborative effort: if you see something that can be improved, just edit the answer to improve it! No additional answers can be added here

  • 166

    Actually, text files of 100+ MB or even 1+ GB is not as uncommon as you may think (i.e. log files from busy servers).
    –  Anders Sandvig
    Dec 19 ’08 at 19:18

  • 15

    Sneakyness: And not exactly text. I think the requirements of reading text files and reading binary files differ somewhat. You might pass it through base64 or uuencode, though.
    –  Joey
    Aug 16 ’09 at 10:24

  • 2

    This should be at least a similar question or even linked as it was asked 18 months prior… stackoverflow.com/questions/102829/…
    –  ONDEV
    Jan 19 ’12 at 0:49

  • 1

    I was also looking for the answer to this exact question in order to read some huge log files that I’ve generated!
    –  HorseloverFat
    Jul 20 ’12 at 16:19

  • 1

    @BlairHippo I feel the same way, I’m almost nervous when asking a question because chances are high that someone will say "Close this, it should go in WhateverExchange instead"
    –  Rodolfo
    Dec 17 ’13 at 18:04

comments disabled on deleted / locked posts / reviews  | 
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2 Answers
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The 010Editor on Windows will open GIANT (think 50 GB) files in binary mode and allow you to edit and search the text.

Community wiki:

Suggestions are

  • HTMLPen.com is a free online editor that can open and highlight syntax TB+ files instantly, supports UTF-8, and can run on a modern browser in any OS. (read-only for big files)
  • Liquid Studio Large File Editor Opens and edits TB+ files instantly, supports UTF-8, Unicode, etc. It is free and covered by the community edition (Windows Only).
  • SlickEdit
  • Large Text File Viewer (read only)
  • glogg (read only, read the file directly from disk, handle multi-GB files).
  • HxD hex editor, but good for large files.
  • LogExpert ( download ) did a swell job for more than 6 GB log files. It is free.
  • UltraEdit can open files of more than 6 GB, but the configuration must be changed for this to be practical (menu AdvancedConfigurationFile HandlingTemporary Files“Open file without temp file…”).
  • wxHexEditor can open such files instantly, working on Linux, Windows, MacOSX
  • EmEditor handles very large text files nicely, officially up to 248 GB but up to 900 GB in my experience.

Or, if you just want to peek at the start of the file, the Windows built-in more command might be good enough.

share

edited Jun 30 at 21:04


community wiki

31 revs, 22 users 23%
Kais

  • 52

    VIM, or Emacs… pick your poison, both will handle any file you throw at them. I personally prefer Emacs, but both will beat notepad without so much as a hiccup.
    –  Mike Stone
    Oct 2 ’08 at 8:46

  • 24

    Emacs has a maximum buffer size, dependent on the underlying architecture (32 or 64 bits). I think that on 32 bit systems you get "maximum buffer size exceeded" error on files larger than 128 MB.
    –  Rafał Dowgird
    May 8 ’09 at 13:45

  • 64

    I just tried Notepad++ with a 561MB log file and it said it was too big
    –  barfoon
    Jun 2 ’09 at 14:12

  • 9

    @Rafal Interesting! Looks like on 64bit it is ~1024 petabytes. The reason has to do with the fact that emacs has to track buffer positions (such as the point)
    –  baudtack
    Jul 1 ’09 at 23:31

  • 70

    But be careful, vim will only work as long as the files in question have enough line breaks. I once had to edit a ca. 150 MB file without any line breaks, and had to resort to gedit because vim couldnt handle it.
    –  Benno
    Jan 29 ’10 at 16:47

 | 
show 53 more comments


up vote
167
down vote

Why are you using editors to just look at a (large) file?

Under *nix or Cygwin , just use less (“less is more”, only better, since you can back up). Searching and navigating under less is very similar to Vim , but there is no swap file and little RAM used.

There is a native Win32 port of GNU “less”. See the comment below.

Piggybacking off of some of the comments below, Perl’s “..” (range flip/flop) operator makes a nice selection mechanism to limit the crud you have to wade through, as well.

For example:

$ perl -n -e 'print if ( 1000000 .. 2000000)' humongo.txt | less

(start at line 1 million and stop at line 2 million, sift the output manually in “less”)

$ perl -n -e 'print if ( /interesting regex/ .. /boring regex/)' humongo.txt | less

(start when the “interesting regular expression” finds something, stop when the “boring regular expression” find the end of an interesting block — may find multiple blocks, sift the output…)

Finally, 100 MB isn’t too big. 3 GB is getting kind of big. I used to work at a print & mail facility that created about 2 % of U.S. first class mail. One of the systems for which I was the tech lead accounted for about 15+ % of the pieces of mail. We had some big files to debug here and there.

Community Wiki Suggestions:

Use LogParser to look at the file:

logparser.exe -i:textline -o:tsv "select Index, Text from 'c:\path\to\file.log' where line > 1000 and line < 2000"
logparser.exe -i:textline -o:tsv "select Index, Text from 'c:\path\to\file.log' where line like '%pattern%'"

share

edited Apr 29 ’15 at 14:37


community wiki

6 revs, 4 users 48%
Roboprog

  • 7

    +1, I recently had some really huge xml files (+1 gigabyte) that I needed to look at. I’m on windows and both vim, emacs, notepad++ and several other editors completely choked on the file to the point where my system almost became unusable when trying to open the file. After a while I realized how unnecessary it was to actually attempt to open the file in an -editor- when I just needed to -view- it. Using cygwin (and some clever grep/less/sed-magic) I easily found the part I was interested in and could read it without any hassle.
    –  wasatz
    Apr 23 ’10 at 11:56

  • 8

    you don’t need cygwin for less, you can also use it under windows: gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/less.htm
    –  ChristophK
    Nov 2 ’11 at 9:33

  • 2

    This XML editor here has also a large file viewer component and does provide syntax coloring also for huge files. The files are not loaded completely into memory so a multi-GB document shouldn’t be a problem. In addition this tool can also validate those big XML documents … In my opinion one of the best approaches to work with huge XML data.
    –  lichtfusion
    Apr 21 ’13 at 12:38

  • 5

    OK so I just fixed my own issue. less with word wrap is slow. less -S without word wrap is lightning fast even on large lines. I’m happy again!
    –  Andy Brown
    Jul 20 ’15 at 9:41

  • 3

    Great answer. I want to note that if you have Git for Windows installed, you probably have Git bash as well, which includes less.
    –  transistor1
    Jun 24 ’16 at 12:24

 | 
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protected by Community Sep 9 ’11 at 3:11

Thank you for your interest in this question.
Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count ).

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you’re looking for? Browse other questions tagged windows xml editor text-editor large-files or ask your own question .

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Large Text File Viewer iconA fast and simple application that allows you to view large text files of more than 1GB and it opens files that are currently being written by other programs

Large Text File Viewer is an application designed to open large text documents with sizes that exceed 1GB.

Although opening such a document usually needs a lot of time and hardware resources, Large Text File Viewer promises to do everything faster and without stressing up the computer too much.

And truth is, it pretty much manages to do this, although the interface may disappoint some of the users.

With a clean but a way too simple look, Large Text File Viewer shows the content of a text document, while performing file indexing in the background to make sure you can browse the content without any interruption.

In addition, it provides an advanced search utility that works like a charm on larger documents, despite the fact that most applications usually need much more time to perform such a task.

A settings menu is also available, allowing you to change the default font, style and size, but also the colors of the main window. For a bit more tweaking power, Large Text File Viewer also offers a dedicated feature to change the background image and thus make the interface more user friendly.

With drag and drop also supported, Large Text File Viewer indeed runs blazing fast, without hampering system performance at all. It all goes very smooth on all Windows versions.

Overall, Large Text File Viewer is clearly a handy tool that manages large documents in an unique way. Still, it needs some improvements, especially in the interface department, as users always prefer more appealing layouts with eye-candy elements.

Text Viewer Open Text View Text Viewer View Text Document

New in Large Text File Viewer 5.2u:

  • Several bugs from version 5.1 have been fixed. Once again, many thanks to the prompt bug reports from the LTF Viewer users. One major bug is:
  • The program hangs while reading files with large average line length.

Read the full changelog

Large Text File Viewer was reviewed by Bogdan Popa

3.0/5

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Large Text File Viewer - Large Text File Viewer was designed to help you open large text files of more than 1GB. Large Text File Viewer - From the Options window, you can easily change the font, size, style, colors and background image.

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decline or rise in english proficiency in malaysia

Din Merican: the Malaysian DJ Blogger

Vitaque mancipio nulli datur, omnibus usu. – Lucretius (To none is life given in freehold; to all on lease)

English Proficiency in Malaysia: Time for Urgent Action

by dinobeano

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January 7, 2014

English Proficiency in Malaysia: Time for Urgent Action

by BA Hamzah*

ba-hamzah English proficiency in Malaysia has reached a critical level that it can undermine the well-being and international prestige of this country in the absence of genuine efforts to curb its decline. It is impossible, for example, to conduct diplomacy and commercial relations without a strong command of English.

In 2011, more than forty- thousand Malaysian graduates from public Universities could not get jobs in the private sector because they were not proficient in English. A large number of them were Malays from the rural areas. Their “unemployability” puts a drag on the country’s economic growth.

The poor, especially those living in rural areas, will suffer from the lack of proficiency in English. Not only English has become the world’s lingua franca, it is also the language for science, mathematics, finance, diplomacy, trade as well as in other fields of humanities and social science.

English proficiency provides access to the international job market, which can help the poor get a decent, good paying job.

Since the Asian financial crisis (1997-1998), economic growth in Malaysia has not recovered fully. Whether the country can achieve a more robust economic recovery if the workforce has higher proficiency in English is debatable.

There are, however, empirical studies, which correlate proficiency in English with higher economic productivity.To move out of the middle- income trap Malaysia needs a work force with innovative skills to take nation to the next level.

Higher proficiency in English could probably increase the much-needed innovative skills to handle the ever-complex enabling technologies.

According to the Economist Intelligence (2012), 70 per cent of the executives surveyed said to expand their corporate vision they needed more than fifty per cent of their work force to be proficient in English. The same study shows a positive relationship between employability and English proficiency, worldwide.

The strong correlation between gross national income and proficiency in English is now an accepted dictum. Many maintain that the correlation between English proficiency and gross national income is a virtuous cycle, each mutually reinforcing each other. One study shows that proficiency in English can increase job employability and better salaries.

English proficiency among the poor can level the uneven playing fields and close the income gap between the ethnic groups in this country. It could even unite the diverse communities, which have been gravely polarised by narrow ethnic interests.

Admittedly, language can be emotive as it is cultural specific. This essay does not suggest that we do away with vernacular schools and the national language. On the contrary, the essay calls for the nation to embrace a productive global language that can complement the national language.

The decline of English proficiency in Peninsular Malaysia is traceable to the Razak Report in 1956, which recommended Malay as the medium of instruction. Had our political masters adopted the recommendations in Barnes Report (1951) to use Malay in primary schools and English for secondary and tertiary education, we could have avoided the current predicament.

The recently proposed changes to the teaching of English in the National Education Blueprint are too shallow, myopic and cosmetic in nature; no real structural changes, such as reinstating English schools, for example.  Without deep structural changes to the teaching and application of English, more people will just lose confidence and trust in our education system. Such cosmetic changes are insignificant; good only for cheap publicity.

In fact, poor command of English has begun to erode academic excellence in public Universities. Before 1971, when English was the medium of instruction, our public Universities were highly rated for their academic scholarship. They were at par with the best in the British Commonwealth.

Today is a different story altogether. Universiti Malaya, the pride of the nation, managed 156th place in the QS World University ranking for 2013. Compare this with the National University of Singapore (24), Seoul National University (35) and Nanyang Technological University (41). Surely, something is amiss with our education system for the international academic community to rank our public Universities so lowly.

The Government must do more to reverse the decline in English proficiency, and has to do it with utmost urgency. Do it now in the national interest.

*BA Hamzah is a keen student of political pedagogy. He can be contacted at [email protected]

20 thoughts on “English Proficiency in Malaysia: Time for Urgent Action

  1. Decades later, we are still debating on the need for better command of the English language amongst Malaysians while our neighbours are all striding forward… what is there to argue?

    And do I really care any more? I am proficient in English and so are my children and they are holding good jobs elsewhere in Australia and Singapore and they are never going to come back here… the rest of the population especially the Malays from the rural areas, God bless them because their leaders think for them and they can only follow blindly…. all the good and successful Malays do not care either…. soon this country will go down the gutter fast…. so what?

    We need to let this country be destroyed completely so that we can start anew… so please bring it on…

    Reply

  2. SiangMalam, there is no debate on this issue. It is the unwillingness of the UMNO-led government to accept the reality that English is a universal language.For some reason or other, this government is scared to upset the Malay language nationalists who want to make Malay the global lingua franca. Both can keep on dreaming while Malaysia will continue to suffer from the self imposed language isolation. There is no political will to change.

    Only the dumbest cannot understand that proficiency in English and other important languages such as French, Japanese, Mandarin, German, Spanish, Portuguese and Korean will be good for our people. Translations tend to be unreliable because what is being translated reflects the understanding of the translator of the subject. Goethe is best read in German, Charles Dickens in English, Victor Hugo in French, and Tolstoy in Russian. –Din Merican

    Reply

  3. It’s not that easy to improve our system when we have an Education Minister who doesn’t seem to understand the reality of today’s world.

    It’s pathetic to note in schools on how the English teachers teach children at Primary and Secondary levels. To some teachers, English period has become a ‘free period’ within the classroom because children have to do their own work, referring to dictionaries to find the meaning of words written on the board.

    Many students aspiring to improve English Language skills in the private institutions today have openly criticized English Language teachers teaching English without even knowing the use of verb in its proper tense > e.g. when teacher takes time off to go to the the washroom, teacher tells children in class > ” Do your work, I went to the toilet and I came back soon” and another e.g to note > ” Tomorrow when you came to class” etc. etc. My gosh! it’s atrocious!

    It’s horrifying to note that certain teachers don’t even know the use Present Perfect in their speaking and writing skills. Many students, be it at College or University levels, don’t even know the Present Participles and the Past Participles and their use in writing and speaking skills. How can we expect them to understand the language use in its proper perspective.

    Grammar is the key to learning English to master the four components of the language > Reading, Speaking, Listening and Writing. Our Education System will have to seriously view of going back to our yesteryear on teaching of these basics of the language and not by just employing some Europeans or Americans to perform miracles. It’s rubbish and a complete waste of tax payers money to venture into such business and please don’t make education as your business partner. Muhyuddin has spent few millions on employing foreigners and would the Ministry dare to give the statistics on the progress of these schools for the public to view the outcome?

    It is of my view that nothing can be done with this present government because the ministers are stubborn lot and they don’t care a damn for what taxpayers say after they’re elected. Look at the PM !!!!!!!! It’s the clear example of elected representatives in our system of UMNO Government.

    Reply

  4. All these people who lament about the standard of English language among Malaysians are missing the point.

    Malaysians are exactly where UMNO wants them to be … ill-equipped to compete with the rest of the world and perpetually depending on the hand-outs from UMNO. The UMNO government should continue with this education policy for another 30 years. By then, we will have tens (if not hundreds) of millions of Malaysians who are ready to be exported to elsewhere in the world as unskilled or low-skilled labours (you guess what jobs these will entail). Indonesians, Filipinos, Cambodians, Bangladeshis, etc. will be hiring Malaysians by the dozens to work for them in harsh working conditions and low wages.

    Meanwhile, the UMNO people will continue to send their children for studies overseas. They will continue to rule Malaysia for time-eternity …

    Reply

  5. I believe we already missed the boat on many technologies. We ARE NOT going to be a technological country. Period. Catching up on English is not going to make us technological, its actually the basis only. Going up the technological ladder require so much more – supporting industries especially manufacturing, entreprenuers, financing etc. We have allowed the necessities of these things to fend for themselves and ramble along in the name of “social justice” and short-cuts for economic growth. These opportunities don’t always come around, they come in waves and we missed likely at least a couple of waves.

    Truth is we need English just to remain relevant no matter what. We have too much ignorance not to allow English, the language of the world, to enlightened the bigots and the haters. Not communicating in English gives places for these people to hide and ferment their poison.

    Reply

  6. Honestly, do these Umno bigots care? So long as the gravy train is running in their direction proficiency in English language or whatever languages is of no consequence. After all their command of English is equally bad let alone their ability to think intelligently. This is the making of a failed state and a failed race. And they don’t give a hoot. Period.
    ——-
    Tok Cik, don’t give up.–Din Merican

    Reply

  7. I think there is a misunderstanding. I doubt UMNO strategists truly believe Malay can be built into a global (ok, regional) lingua franca. If this were so, they would logically be cooperating intensively with Indonesia to create such a ‘market’ of over 350 million people.. For example, when I visit Indonesian bookshops like say Gramedia (and not only in Jakarta but all over the nusantara) I am always struck by the plethora of interesting foreign books of all kinds, translated into Bahasa Indonesia for the benefit of the masyarakat. Huge diversity of scientific, political, literary, historical titles from the US, UK and European countries. Yet not one of these easy-for-Malays-to-understand books makes it to Malaysian shores! I suppose all this fresh air would terrify the Malaysian censors.

    No, I think the real reason is that for UMNO to retain power it must keep Malays ignorant and “on their reservation”, believing they are dependent on UMNO to protect them from all those Christian/Chinese/Israeli/now also Shia! threats to their tempurung. Educating rural Malays in English will lead directly to exposure to non-UMNO-controlled, non-TV3, non-Utusan views, to critical thinking, in short to dangerous challenges to UMNO power. Better don’t let either Bahasa Indonesia or Bahasa Inggeris into the rural akal. It’s a simple and as depressing as that.
    —–
    How long can they keep the Malays down in this internet world? Not forever. It will just be matter of time.–Din Merican

    Reply

  8. Corrigendum: when I said 350 million I was including the Philippines which ok, is a bit of a stretch. Say 250 million.

    Reply

  9. I am not for the improving of the young Malaysian’s english. Their success will be my failure. I am now 52. They will take away my job if they are versed in the language. Let this UMNO govenment ferment them more in the illiteracy of this language. Let the govenment enhance their spirit of Nationalism via the Malay language. The very people who are for the changing of the medium of education in Malaysian schools are sending their own children to western countries to be educated. Has the rural Malays seen that ? Has the urban Malays who are better educated seen that ? PLEASE KEEP IT THAT WAY. NO TO ENGLISH IN OUR SCHOOLS !!

    Reply

  10. Are you all sure our ministers are qualified to manage the ministries they are assigned. I strongly doubt so. So how the hell you expect them to run it efficiently. To me the entire Malaysia institution is a joke. We have cave men running in suit.

    Reply

  11. Like some South American countries, due to decades of bad leadership and gross mismanagement, our country’s middle income trap is PERMANENT and LONG TERM.

    Reply

  12. Would you vote for a party that has in its manifesto an Education policy that

    1. Abolishes vernacular schools?
    2. Replaces them with English medium national schools?
    3. Mandarin and Tamil made available in these schools?
    4. Bahasa must be a compulsory pass?

    This is the only Education policy that will make “Malaysia, Truly Malaysia”.

    Reply

  13. Education should never be left to the mercy of politicians. There is no reason why we cannot have two co-equal languages – Malay and English. Canada, for example, has done well with both English and French as co-equal national languages. China, too, realizing the importance of English, is aiming to be a bilingual nation. They have already achieved impressed results in English.

    Reply

  14. Like a stewardess in the national airlines (I didn’t say which country) whose command of the English language was just good enough to serve the passengers. This was told to me sometime back by an airline pilot.
    After the meatballs were served in the First Class, the stewardess walked around the cabin with the sauce and to one of the man passengers, she asked:
    “Sir, would you like me to sauce your balls?”

    Reply

  15. Wan, Din Merican manages a ‘quality’ blog here. Most commentators’ contributions are thoughtful and constructive. Please keep it that way.

    Reply

  16. Swedes, Dutch, Finns, Norwegians — in addition to their respective national languages, they are fluent in English. Road signs in Helsinki are in both Finnish and Swedish (language of the largest minority group)

    Switzerland — French, German, Italian, Romansch + English

    Canada — French and English

    Francophone Africa, Anglophone Africa

    Portuguese in Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Brazil

    Endless possibilities.

    Reply

  17. What England. In 1990 I was told by a very senoir PTD officer that ability to speak and write in England does not make you a good officer. And I missed my promotion. And that came from an officer who entered the Malayan Civil Service in 1965 and by that it means that he had compete with others Malayans for a his place in society.

    We have convoluted every principle in the book. And continue to do so. Until we get out of that syndrome and stop this talk of setting up of a ‘Batu Keras Cafe’ in Putrajaya our journey to join the ranks of Third World countries has been clearly determined..

    Reply

  18. It is quite shameful to note that banks and other business outlets can’t even differentiate between “CLOSE and CLOSED” by putting up the sign infront of the door entrance

    Reply

  19. I agree that Malaysia is WEAK in English. Thus, even Gen-Y tends to speak more crap than good things in MALAY. Face it. IF we don’t improve our ENGLISH, WE WILL BE A DOWNGRADED COUNTRY NO MATTER EVEN IF WE HAVE THE MEN AND THE TECHNOLOGY THAT IS COMING IN 2020 BUT LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY IN MALAY AND ENGLISH A MUST. 80% OF THE WORLD’S POPULATION IS DOMINATED BY ENGLISH!

    Reply

  20. I am especially worried that the introduction of PPSMI and other haphazard policies and conditions regarding English in Malaysia have ‘severed’ ties between the masses and the English language. I believe many Malays are upset that they have to use local banking or retail websites (i.e. meant for local use only) in English. If this is a way to encourage the use of English, then it’s a very rude one. English is envisioned as an “international” language only meant for use in foreign correspondence, not a “national” one between one’s own countrymen. Thus it is the perceived misplacement of the use of English that could be an underlying reason for that ‘French attitude’ – the resistance against the use of English by locals. And consequently, low proficiency.

    I know there are many Malaysians who speak English primarily, and I’m one of them. I fear that we are part of the reason of Malaysia’s English woes. The rest of the country thinks we’ve forsaken our supposed mother tongues for the spoils of English, and with that our Eastern cultural identity. Every time I balik kampung for CNY I confront criticisms by relatives, even those about my age, because I don’t speak Chinese as well as English. So I know firsthand the angst is real.

    Our English problem also happens in many Commonwealth countries (former British colonies), where today good English remains the preserve of the elite to divide them from the pidgin-speaking masses (in contrast to those small, rich European countries where everyone’s taught the language at an equal level). It could be linked to how English was introduced to countries. I’ve been to some English African websites and see comments that reflect begrudgence toward English as a colonial legacy, as if these people speak English because they’re ‘forced’ to.

    The world economic balance is rapidly tipping in favour of Asia, where English proficiency is low and progress on it is slow. Soon all this English proficiency talk could be worthless as we’ll all get by well by speaking bad or primary-level English. I’ve read about that non-native speakers communicate more effectively between non-native speakers when no native speaker is around.

    Reply

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Christopher Teh

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Few Malaysians need to be convinced on the importance of learning English, but are they mastering the language? (photo from umlib.um.edu.my)

Decline or rise in English proficiency in Malaysia?

by Christopher Teh Boon Sung

Update (Dec 8, 2011): A modified form of this blog entry was published today in the New Straits Times newspaper.

Few people would argue against the importance of English language today. It is the lingua franca in cyberspace and in international science, politics, business, and entertainment.

Standard of English proficiency in Malaysia, as evidenced by this rather famous house sign (photo from engrish.com)

A study in 2011 by English First (EF) showed just how important English is to a country. This study was conducted on 44 countries (including Malaysia) where English was not their first or native language. The study found that English proficiency generally correlates (relates linearly) with a country’s wealth and export-dependency. EF study suggests that when the people in a country become increasingly more proficient in English, the wealthier the country becomes and the more the country could participate in international trade.

English proficiency correlates with a country’s income (chart from EF report)

Surprisingly, Malaysia scored the highest in English proficiency in the Asia region. Unfortunately, Singapore could not be included in the final analysis due to the inadequate sample size from that country. Overall, Malaysia ranked ninth in English proficiency among the 44 countries!

Malaysia’s high score is certainly surprising considering the much talked about decline of English proficiency among Malaysians and the issue of reverting to Malay from English language as a medium of instruction in schools. One complain about the EF study is the possibility of a large sampling error. English tests were carried out online by people who were interested in testing their English proficiency. Volunteers also tended to be younger than the average population age. Since the tests were all carried out online, I suspect this kind of tests would most probably attract more urbanites than the whole population.

Consequently, this possibility of biased representation of Malaysia’s population by the urbanites may explain Malaysia’s inflated high score in English.

However, I do not doubt the overall validity of EF study results. As stated earlier, English is an important global language. But back in 2004, David Graddol, in an opinion article in Science (Feb 27, 2004) , delivers a startling news: English is in decline in the world. In the 19th century, people once believed in the indomitable embrace of English and that the entire world would eventually speak in English.

The changing percentage of the world’s population speaking English (chart from sciencemag.org)

Graddol’s study, however, show that the population growth among speakers of languages other than English is increasingly more rapidly than speakers of English as their first language. In 1950, for example, nearly nine per cent of the world’s population spoke in English as their first language. But this proportion of English speakers is declining at a rate of about 0.4 per cent for every ten years. By 2050, it is estimated that only 5 per cent of the world’s population would be speaking in English as their first language.

In contrast, Spanish, Hindi/Urdu, and Arabic languages see an increase every year in the number of speakers in the world. By 2050, Graddol predicts, Mandarin, Spanish, Hindi/Urdu, and Arabic would be equally ranked with English as the world language. Mandarin remains the native language by more than a billion people in the world. China’s population is about one-sixth of the world’s population, and when China’s economy overshadows that of the U.S., Mandarin may likely be the new must-learn language. Together with China, countries such as Russia, Brazil, and India are expected to be in the top six largest economies in the world by 2050. In such a scenario, would English language remain as useful as today?

The decline of one language and the rise of another is not new.  Latin, for example, was the language of science before it was gradually replaced by English.

Consequently, I wonder if Malaysia is fighting a losing war in improving English proficiency among the people. Malaysia’s neighboring countries, Philippines and Hong Kong, also witness an alarming decline in English proficiency. A recent official survey showed that nearly half of the Filipino high school graduates could not speak English at all. And although Hong Kong high school students study English for several hours a day, only slightly more than half of the 16-17 year olds could pass the English language exams.

In Malaysia, there is unfortunately a stigmata attached to some people speaking in English. A Chinese who speaks in English is sometimes called a “banana” – he or she may look yellow on the outside but is actually white inside. I once had a Malay research student who was brave enough to speak in English to her Malay friends. For that, she was treated as a pariah because her friends thought it abnormal and queasy to have a Malay person speak English to another Malay.

Consequently, Malaysia’s problem with declining English proficiency is not unique. The fundamental problem in Malaysia is English would always remain a remote or foreign  language, used only by the elite minorities or used only in official or international purposes. For most Malaysians, English is not an everyday language. A survey done in 2001 revealed that only less than 2 per cent (about 380,000 people) of Malaysia’s population spoke in English as their first language.

So, unless Malaysians can somehow internalize English as a language spoken by all races used in everyday life, Malaysia would continue to see a fall in English proficiency no matter what and how much the government tries to promote its use.

The current challenge for individual Malaysians is to be proficient not only in English but in several languages. Malaysia is quite unique in this case. Malaysians, made up of many races, can already speak in English, Mandarin, and Hindi – three languages identified to the major languages of the future.


I like to end this blog entry by reporting a little survey I carried out throughout this month of November. I visited some shopping malls (some more than once) in the Klang Valley (Petaling Jaya and Kuala Lumpur area) and took down the number of people speaking in English, Chinese, or Indian.

I like to make it clear this study of mine is in no way a scientific experiment. I was merely curious to determine the proportion of languages being spoken by urbanites in the Klang Valley. I chose shopping malls because there were enclosed areas and easier to collect my data in relative comforts than on the streets (too hot!).

However, to reduce sources of errors in my data collection, I followed the following rules in my data collection:

  1. I only counted the number of languages upon confirmation. It is tempting to assume Chinese or Malay people would be speaking in Chinese and Malay, respectively. I have to listen and confirm the language in which they are speaking.
  2. I did not count people speaking in business transactions such as a customer talking to a cashier. I was interested in languages used only in conversations between families or friends.
  3. I also did not count languages spoken involving any foreigners. I was interested only in Malaysians.
  4. I avoided counting in places where certain races tend to aggregate. A Chinese Book Fair, for example, would attract the Chinese to the fair and taking down the languages spoken there would probably inflate the proportion of people speaking in Chinese.
  5. Lastly, my data collection must be for at least one hour. This is to ensure that I cover the mall adequately.

Before I report my results, I like to make it clear that I only recorded down the language spoken by Malaysian shoppers. My results does not show their language proficiency or whether they can speak in other languages. For example, I may record a person speaking in Chinese to his friends, but this does not mean he cannot speak in English. He could well speak in English better than his Chinese (or not).

My little study assumes that a language I record is the preferred language of the people in a shopping group. Whether this assumption is true is one possible source of error. Consequently, you can take the results from this study as only a rough estimate of the proportion of languages spoken by Malaysian shoppers in the Klang Valley.

Okay, after a month of data collection, I covered 11 malls. On average, 50 per cent of Malaysia shoppers spoke in Chinese (Mandarin making up nearly 50 per cent of this total and Cantonese 47 per cent). 24 per cent of Malaysian shoppers spoke in Malay. Likewise, an equal amount spoke in English. Only 2 per cent of Malaysian shoppers spoke in Indian. In short, the majority of Malaysian shoppers spoke in Chinese and about one quarter Malaysian shoppers spoke in English.

Proportion of languages spoken by Malaysian shoppers in Kuala Lumpur and Petaling Jaya

Nonetheless, the distribution of languages varied according to the mall. Malls, 1Utama, Sri Hartamas, Midvalley, and IPC, showed similar proportion of languages with one another. Nearly 60 per cent of Malaysian shoppers spoke in Chinese and about one quarter to one fifth spoke in English in those four malls.

Being further away from the city center meant that malls such as Jusco Cheras Selatan and Mines had very few English-speaking Malaysian shoppers (in the case for Jusco, I did not find any English speaking shoppers). Surprisingly, however, Pavilion mall, being in the city center, had very few English-speaking shoppers too. This could be due to the small sample size (only 18), or could this be an indication of the people in the city center? From experience, my visits to other malls in the vicinity had few English-speaking shoppers too. A repeat of data collection at Pavilion is probably warranted.

The mall with the largest proportion of English-speaking shoppers is Bangsar Village. This area (Bangsar) is a well known area where wealthy and high socio-economic status people live. This is an area where a lot of expats live too. It is no surprise then to find most shoppers here speak in English. Remember that I did not include the language spoken by expats in my data collection. Unlike other malls, I recorded most Malays here speaking in English rather than in Malay.

At the end, I learn something from my own survey and gain a slightly deeper understanding on the situation of English in the world. English may be important now, but it may have to share its dominance with other languages in the near future.

image_pdf image_print

– Personal / Rants and raves / Science / Cantonese / English / language / Malaysia / malls / Mandarin / reading / school / shopping

Comments

  1. intersting research, have you been to Indonesia and see how often we spoke it? very seldom. is it a localisation?

    Reply
    • Yes, I have been to Indonesia and I have met several Indonesians too in Malaysia. Malaysia’s command in English is better but really, our level isn’t all that fantastic, so our proficiency isn’t something we are proud of.

      Reply
  2. Dear Mr. Teh,

    I am 20 years old. I can vouch that the standard of English of my generation has reached an all new low. I don’t mean to criticise (okay, maybe a little), but from my humble observations, I have identified a few moot causes of such vast degradation in language (including spelling, grammar, etc.):

    1. Very, very, very few of us READ, in the true sense of the word.
    – I don’t consider drivel such as “Twilight” to be books. There are only a handful of us who actually read quality books. When my parents were young, children as young as 12 would have already enriched their minds with the likes of Dickens, the Bronte Sisters, Austen and others. Nowadays, however, most teenagers tackle the aforementioned when forced to, as part of their school curriculum, perhaps. Even then, the abridged and simplified versions are preferred, over the original masterpieces.

    2. There are much too many distractions around us for us to engage in quality reading.
    – Social media, bad television (Jersey Shore, anyone?) and “smartphones” (which I personally find to be a conspiracy against my generation because they are decidedly heading in the opposite direction)

    3. Labels
    – This may be a bit of a presumption, but the terms “nerd”, I believe, acts as a major hindrance for those who which to be socially accepted to engage in fruitful activities such as reading. Others do “cool” things like flit around in malls.

    I don’t mean to sound like a killjoy or that I have no faith in my peers. I’m sure there are many, many of them out there who believe in knowledge empowerment. I grew up in Subang Jaya, and I think it is unfortunate that the younger generation there have grown up extremely shallow. I truly hope that I am proven wrong.

    Reply
    • You are right. Reading as a hobby is declining because reading requires slower and more concentration — which would never be popular today.

      Literature is not for everyone, and it wouldn’t be fair to berate anyone who don’t read literature. The important thing is find books which fit someone’s interest — be it romance, sports, or science fiction. The most important is to cultivate a strong reading habit. It can be difficult to achieve this if we are reading on topics that don’t interest us.

      I remember someone who hates reading with passion. His mother tried to encourage him to read but to no avail. It was only by chance that she bought him a book on football one day. This was because he loved football.

      Well, it turned out that he loved the story so much that he bought more books on football. One book lead to another and another. Recently, this guy (now an adult) won an award for a book he wrote for youths! Fancy that. 🙂

      Reply
      • Point taken, Sir, Literature isn’t for everyone. But reading as a hobby should be. Knowledge empowerment is crucial for our generation and the ones to come.

        I know my kids are going to have the biggest library on the block! 😀

        Reply
        • The best library are those floor-to-ceiling book shelves, covering all walls in a room.

          Reply
  3. Thanks for the good article. If compare with your neighbouring counrty such Thailand (my country). I have nothing to say…

    Reply
    • I have been to Thailand a few times. My favourite is Chiang Mai. Yes, I agree English is more seldom spoken there than in Malaysia.

      Reply
  4. lolz, at least they try to use english

    Reply
    • Are you referring to the broken English on the signboard? Yes, very funny! Thanks for your visit!

      Reply

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Conversation Starters World

A world of conversation starters.

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250 Conversation Starters

Conversation Starters

Here are some great questions for starting a conversation. There are a lot of random conversation starters to get you started and then conversation questions listed by topic. You can start with the random questions or find a topic that interests you. There’s no right place to start, just scroll down to wherever you want and get started!

There are tons of ways to use these questions. I find that the most rewarding way is for everyone to pull up this list of conversation starters on a phone or tablet, and then take turns letting everyone choose a question to ask the group. Remember don’t be afraid to delve deeply into the conversation. Answering the specific question isn’t the goal, having an interesting conversation is!

Conversation Starters List

The title would have you believe that there are 250 questions, but there are actually more. I’m sure you don’t mind a few more questions, right? Dig in and start having some great conversation questions! You can start with the random conversation questions below, or you can skip to questions about a certain topic.

We have questions about movies / books / music / apps / phones / sports / restaurants / travel / technology / clothes / goals / seasons / holidays / education / food we also have some weird conversation questions . And if all those questions still aren’t enough, we have even more questions

Random Conversation Starters

What was the last funny video you saw?

What do you do to get rid of stress?

What is something you are obsessed with?

Who is your favorite entertainer (comedian, musician, actor, etc.)?

What’s your favorite way to waste time?

Do you have any pets? What are their names?

Where did you go last weekend? What did you do?

What are you going to do this weekend?

What is something that is popular now that annoys you?

What did you do on your last vacation?

What was the last time you worked incredibly hard?

Are you very active of do you prefer to just relax in your free time?

What do you do when you hang out with your friends?

Who is your oldest friend? Where did you meet them?

What’s the best / worst thing about your work / school?

If you had intro music, what song would it be? Why?

What were you really into when you were a kid?

If you could have any animal as a pet, what animal would you choose?

What three words best describe you?

What would be your perfect weekend?

What do you think of tattoos? Do you have any?

What’s your favorite number? Why?

What’s the most useful thing you own?

Have you ever saved an animal’s life? How about a person’s life?

If you opened a business, what kind of business would it be?

Are you a very organized person?

Have you ever spoke in front of a large group of people? How did it go?

What is the strangest dream you have ever had?

What is a controversial opinion you have?

Who in your life brings you the most joy?

Who had the biggest impact on the person you have become?

What is the most annoying habit someone can have?

Where is the most beautiful place you have been?

Where do you spend most of your free time / day?

Who was your best friend in elementary school?

How often do you stay up past 3 a.m.?

What’s your favorite season? Why?

Which is more important, a great car or a great house? Why?

What animal or insect do you wish humans could eradicate?

Where is the most beautiful place near where you live?

What do you bring with you everywhere you go?

How much time do you spend on the internet? What do you usually do?

What is the most disgusting habit some people have?

Where and when was the most amazing sunset you have ever seen?

Which recent news story is the most interesting?

Where is the worst place you have been stuck for a long time?

If you had to change your name, what would your new name be?

What is something that really annoys you but doesn’t bother most people?

What word or saying from the past do you think should come back?

How should success be measured? By that measurement, who is the most successful person you know?

What is your guilty pleasure?

Was there ever an event in your life that defied explanation?

If you could learn the answer to one question about your future, what would the question be?

Has anyone ever saved your life?

What benefit do you bring to the group when you hang out with friends?

How often do you curse?

What trends did you follow when you were younger?

What do you fear is hiding in the dark?

What was the best time period of your life? What do you think will be the best time period of your entire life?

What do you do to improve your mood when you are in a bad mood?

What is the silliest fear you have?

What are some things you want to accomplish before you die?

What is the best room in your house? Why?

Who is someone who is popular now that you really like? Why do you like them so much?

Where is the best place to take a date?

What smell brings back great memories?

How often do you help others? Who do you help? How do you help?

What are you best at?

What makes you nervous?

Who, besides your parents, had the biggest impact on your life?

What weird or useless talent do you have?

What are some strange beliefs that some people have?

Who would be the worst person to be stuck in an elevator with? How about the best person to be stuck in an elevator with?

What’s the funniest TV series you have seen?

Which TV show do you want your life to be like?

If you could bring back one TV show that was cancelled, which one would you bring back?

How have TV shows changed over the years?

What’s the best sitcom past or present?

What’s the best show currently on TV?

What do you think about game shows? Do you have a favorite one?

What’s the most underrated or overrated TV show?

What do you think about reality TV? Why is it so popular?

Do you like reality TV shows? Why or why not? If so, which ones?

What will be the future of TV shows?

What was the best birthday wish or gift you’ve ever received?

How often do you binge watch shows?

What cartoons did you watch as a child?

Movie Conversation Starters

What was the last movie you watched? How was it?

Do you prefer to watch movies in the theater or in the comfort of your own home?

What’s the worst movie you have seen recently?

What’s the strangest movie you have ever seen?

What is the most overrated movie?

What’s your favorite genre of movie?

What movie scene choked you up the most?

Do you like documentaries? Why / why not?

When was the last time you went to a movie theater?

Do movies have the same power as books to change the world?

Which do you prefer? Books or movies?

Do you like horror movies? Why or why not?

Book Conversation Starters

What was the last book you read?

What book has had the biggest impact on your life?

What was your favorite book as a child?

Do you prefer physical books or ebooks?

What is the longest book you have read?

What was the worst book you had to read for school? How about the best book you had to read for school?

What book genres do you like to read?

Do you prefer fiction or nonfiction books?

What book has influenced you the most?

What book has had the biggest effect on the modern world?

Do you think people read more or less books now than 50 years ago?

How fast do you read?

How often do you go to the library?

Now that indie publishing has become easier, have books gotten better or worse?

Music Conversation Starters

What song always puts you in a good mood?

Which do you prefer, popular music or relatively unknown music?

What was the last song you listened to?

What is your favorite movie soundtrack?

Are there any songs that always bring a tear to your eye?

Do you like going to concerts? Why or why not? What was the last concert you went to?

Who was the first band or musician you were really into? Do you still like them?

Records, tapes, CDs, MP3s. Which did you grow up with? What is good and bad about each?

What bands or types of music do you listen to when you exercise?

Do you like classical music?

What’s the best way to discover new music?

How has technology changed the music industry?

App Conversation Starters

What are the three best apps on your phone?

What’s the most addictive mobile game you have played?

An app mysteriously appears on your phone that does something amazing. What does it do?

How many apps do you have on your phone?

What is the most annoying app you have tried?

Which app seemed like magic the first time you used it?

What is the strangest app you have heard of or tried?

Which app has helped society the most? Which one has hurt society the most?

What is the most useful app on your phone?

What apps have changed your life a lot?

What do app makers do that really annoys you?

Phone Conversation Starters

How often do you check your phone?

Do you always have to have the latest phone?

What was your first smart phone? How did you feel when you got it?

What is the most annoying thing about your phone?

What kind of case do you have for your phone? Why did you choose it?

Do you text more or call more? Why?

What will phones be like in 10 years?

Do you experience phantom vibration? (Feeling your phone vibrate even though it didn’t.)

How do you feel if you accidentally leave your phone at home?

What do you wish your phone could do?

Sports Conversation Starters

What sports do you like to watch?

Who are some of your favorite athletes?

Which sports do you like to play?

Which sport is the most exciting to watch? Which is the most boring to watch?

Do athletes deserve the high salaries they receive? Why or why not?

What is the hardest sport to excel at?

Who are the 3 greatest athletes of all time?

What defines a sport? Is fishing a sport? How about video game tournaments?

Why do you think sports are common across almost all cultures present and past?

What do you think the oldest sport still being played is?

How much time do you spend watching sports in a week?

Do you play sports video games? Which ones? Is playing the video game or sport more fun? Why?

Restaurant Conversation Starters

What is the worst restaurant you have ever eaten at?

What restaurant do you eat at most?

What’s the worst fast food restaurant?

What is the best restaurant in your area?

Would you eat at a restaurant that was really dirty if the food was amazing?

What kind of interior do you like a restaurant to have?

If you opened a restaurant, what kind of food would you serve?

What was your favorite restaurant when you were in university? How about when you were a child?

What is the strangest themed restaurant you have heard of?

What is the fanciest restaurant you have eaten at?

What is the most disgusting thing you have heard about that happened at a restaurant?

Travel Conversation Starters

Have you traveled to any different countries? Which ones?

Where is the most relaxing place you have been?

Where is the most awe inspiring place you have been?

Do you prefer traveling alone or with a group?

What do you think of tour group packages?

Talk about some of the interesting people you have met while traveling.

Where would you like to travel next?

What was the most over hyped place you’ve traveled to?

What’s the best way to travel? (Plane, car, train, etc.)

What’s the best thing about traveling? How about the worst thing?

How do you think traveling to a lot of different countries changes a person?

What is the longest plane trip you have taken?

What do you think of stay-cations? (Vacationing and seeing tourist attractions where you live.)

Do you prefer to go off the beaten path when you travel?

Where do you get your recommendations for what to do and where to stay when you travel?

What is the worst hotel you have stayed at? How about the best hotel?

Technology Conversation Starters

What is your favorite piece of technology that you own?

What piece of technology is really frustrating to use?

What was the best invention of the last 50 years?

Does technology simplify life or make it more complicated?

Which emerging technology are you most excited about?

What problems will technology solve in the next 5 years? What problems will it create?

Will technology save the human race or destroy it?

What piece of technology would look like magic or a miracle to people in medieval Europe?

Can you think of any technology that has only made the world worse? How about a piece of technology that has only made the world better?

What technology from a science fiction movie would you most like to have?

What scifi movie or book would you like the future to be like?

What do you think the next big technological advance will be?

Clothes / Fashion Conversation Starters

Do you care about fashion? What style of clothes do you usually wear?

What is the best pair of shoes you have ever owned? Why were they so good?

What is your favorite shirt?

What is the most embarrassing piece of clothing you own?

Does fashion help society in any way?

What is a fashion trend you are really glad went away?

Who do you think has the biggest impact on fashion trends: actors and actresses, musicians, fashion designers, or consumers?

What old trend is coming back these days?

If you didn’t care at all what people thought of you, what clothes would you wear?

What is the most comfortable piece of clothing you own?

How do clothes change how the opposite sex views a person?

Goals Conversation Starters

What is the craziest, most outrageous thing you want to achieve?

What are some goals you have already achieved?

What personal goals do you have?

What do you hope to achieve in your professional life?

Have your parents influenced what goals you have?

Do you usually achieve goals you set? Why or why not?

What is the best way to stay motivated and complete goals?

What are some goals you have failed to accomplish?

When do you want to retire? What do you want to do when you retire?

What are your goals for the next two years?

How have your goals changed over your life?

How much do you plan for the future?

How do you plan to make the world a better place?

Seasons Conversation Starters

What’s the most refreshing thing on a hot summer day?

What’s the best thing to do on a cold winter day?

Where is the nicest place you have been to in fall?

What is your favorite thing to eat or drink in winter?

Do you prefer summer or winter activities?

What do you like to do in spring?

Did your family take seasonal vacations?

Do you feel like fall and spring are getting shorter?

Which season are you most active in?

Is it better to live where there are four seasons or where one season takes up most of the year?

Holiday Conversation Starters

If you could make a holiday, what would it be like? What traditions would it have? What would people eat on your holiday?

What is the biggest holiday for your family?

Do you wish there were more or less holidays? Why?

If you had to get rid of a holiday, which would you get rid of? Why?

What is your favorite holiday?

What kinds of food do you usually eat on your favorite holiday?

Does having a day off for a holiday increase or decrease productivity at work?

What holidays have been over commercialized?

If some of the lesser known holidays were commercialized, what would the commercialization look like?

What do you know about the history of some holidays?

Another fun thing you can do is talk about holiday related trivia and facts. Here are some Christmas trivia questions , Halloween trivia questions , and some Thanksgiving trivia questions .

Education Conversation Starters

What are some good and bad things about the education system in your country?

What do you think of online education?

How can governments make education more efficient?

What do you think of standardized tests?

How can technology improve education? Can it hurt education?

Are bigger or small schools better?

Is teaching a skill that can be taught?

What will the future of education be?

What do you think of homeschooling?

How has the education you received changed your life?

What or who has taught you most of the information you use on a regular basis?

Food Conversation Starters

What is your favorite food?

Do you like spicy food? Why or why not? What is the spiciest thing you have ever eaten?

What foods do you absolutely hate?

What food do you know you shouldn’t eat but can’t help yourself?

Does government have a place in regulating food? To what extent should government regulate food?

When was the last time you had a food fight?

What do you get every time you go grocery shopping?

If your life was a meal, what would kind of meal would it be?

What do you think of buffets?

What would you want your last meal to be if you were on death row ?

What food looks disgusting but tastes delicious?

When people make mistakes about food (especially foreign food) do you feel the need to correct them? (i.e. sushi / sashimi or stromboli / calzone )

Weird Conversation Starters

Time freezes for everyone but you for one day. What do you do?

If you could call up anyone in the world and have a one hour conversation, who would you call?

You have to relive one day of your life forever. Which day do you choose?

If your mind was an island, what would it look like?

What flavor of ice cream do you wish existed?

What does your own personal hell look like? How about your own personal heaven?

A portal to another world opens in front of you. You don’t know how long it will stay open or if you’ll be able to get back after you go through. What do you do?

If you had a personal mascot, what would your mascot be?

You find a remote that can rewind, fast forward, stop and start time. What do you do with it?

If you were a king / queen, what would your throne look like?

If you were on the run from the police for a crime you didn’t commit, where would you go?

Seriously, you are looking for more questions?! Well I don’t like to disappoint…

  • 350 Good questions to ask – My biggest list of questions so far! If you need more questions, you’ll find them here.
  • 200 Questions to get to know someone – Plenty of great questions on this page that you can use for conversation starters. Really great for meeting new people!
  • Would you rather questions – Who doesn’t love a good would you rather question? We’ve got a huge list of great would you rather questions to choose from.
  • Deep conversation topics – Looking to take your conversation a little deeper? Well we’ve got some questions that are definitely not for casual conversation. Have a chat about life, the universe, and everything.
  • Questions to ask a girl / Questions to ask a guy – Some really wonderful general questions that are great to ask anyone regardless of whether they are a girl or a guy.
  • Topics to talk about – If you are looking for some topics to help your conversation along these might help!
  • Truth or Dare questions – Looking to play a game of Truth or Dare? We’ve got you covered! Lots of truth questions and dares to choose from.

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glenalmond school chapel

Glenalmond College

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Glenalmond College
Glenalmondlogo.png
Glenalmond College - geograph.org.uk - 1305507.jpg
MottoFloreat Glenalmond
Established1847
Type Independent
Day and boarding
Religion Scottish Episcopal Church
WardenMs Elaine Logan
Sub-WardenDr Craig Henderson
LocationGlenalmond
Perth
Perth and Kinross
PH1 3RY
Scotland
Staff52.3 FTE
Students400+
GenderCoeducational
Ages12–18
HousesCairnies, Goodacre’s, Home, Lothian, Matheson’s, Patchell’s, Reid’s, Skrine’s
Former pupils Old Glenalmonds
CampusRural; 300 acres
Website www.glenalmondcollege.co.uk

Glenalmond College, architect’s original proposed design c. 1841

Glenalmond College (formerly Trinity College, Glenalmond) is a co-educational independent boarding school in Perth and Kinross , Scotland , for children aged between 12 and 18 years. It is situated on the River Almond near the village of Methven , about 8 miles (13 km) west of the city of Perth .

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Boarding houses
  • 3 Former pupils
  • 4 References
  • 5 Further reading
  • 6 External links

History[ edit ]

Trinity College Glenalmond was founded as an independent school by the future Prime Minister , William Gladstone and James Hope-Scott (later Hope-Scott of Abbotsford). [1] The land for the school was given by George Patton, Lord Glenalmond who for the rest of his life, in company with his wife Margaret, took a keen interest in its development and success. [2] It was established to provide teaching for young men destined for the ministry of the Scottish Episcopal Church and where young men could be brought up in the faith of that Church. [1] It was originally known as The Scottish Episcopal College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Glenalmond. [2] The school opened its doors on 4 May 1847 to fourteen boys (though one boy, Lord Kerr , later Marquess of Lothian and Secretary for Scotland , arrived a day early). [1] The first Warden (headmaster) was Charles Wordsworth . [1]

The Edinburgh architect John Henderson worked on the project in 1841-51; later the firm were to be re-employed with his son George Henderson in charge on rebuilding work after a fire in 1893. In 1955 Basil Spence was engaged to alter the chapel. [3]

Until 1990 Glenalmond was an all-boys school. Girls were then initially accepted into the sixth form only, and the school became fully co-educational in 1995. [1]

In 2007 the school was at the centre of a national media row after pupils reportedly created a spoof video that featured them “hunting” ” chavs ” (a derogatory term in use in the UK) on horseback and with rifles. [4] [5] [6] The school condemned the video. [7] The school was the subject of a documentary broadcast on BBC 2 in Autumn 2008. Pride and Privilege chronicled a year in the life of Glenalmond and followed a number of pupils and teachers. [8]

Boarding houses[ edit ]

There are eight boarding houses: Cairnies, Goodacre’s, Home, Lothian, Patchell’s, Reid’s and Skrine’s. [2]

Former pupils[ edit ]

See also: List of people educated at Glenalmond College and Category:People educated at Glenalmond College
  • Andrew Dunlop, Baron Dunlop  – Conservative peer
  • Christopher Geidt  – Queen’s private secretary [9]
  • Dougie Hall  – rugby player [10]
  • David Leslie  – rugby player [11]
  • Alastair Mackenzie — actor [12]
  • Dr Richard Simpson  – Labour Member of the Scottish Parliament and former Justice Minister [13]
  • Brian Stewart — diplomat and spy [14]
  • Kaleem Barreto  – rugby player [15]

References[ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c d e “Glenalmond’s History” . Glenalmond College. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c “Glenalmond College” . Scottish Places. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Scotland’s archaeology website. “Archiltect references” . Canmore. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  4. ^ “Outrage at ‘Chav hunting’ videos” . Metro. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Chav chasing’ public schoolboys criticised” . The Telegraph. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  6. ^ “Pupils act out ‘chav hunt’ – hunting pinks on horseback, their prey in Burberry caps” . Daily Mail. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  7. ^ “School condemns ‘chav-hunt’ spoof” . BBC. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  8. ^ “Pride and Privilege” . BBC. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  9. ^ “Who’s Who” . Ukwhoswho.com. 2015-12-07. Retrieved 2016-05-06. 
  10. ^ Tozer, Malcolm, ed. (2012). Physical Education and Sport in Independent Schools . John Catt Educational Ltd. p. 291. ISBN   9781908095442 . 
  11. ^ “Eagles land Coll deal” . Perthshire Advertiser . 11 September 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  12. ^ “Borgen’s Alastair Mackenzie on his TV comeback” . The Scotsman. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  13. ^ “Personal Information: Richard Simpson” . Scottish Parliament website. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  14. ^ “Obituary: Brian Stewart Intelligence Officer” . The Telegraph. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2018. 
  15. ^ “Scotland under-16 trial squad announced – Scottish Rugby Union” . www.scottishrugby.org. 

Further reading[ edit ]

  • The Glenalmond Register 1950–1985 and Supplement 1900–1949, published by Hunter & Foulis Ltd. 1986
  • Alumni Montium, Sixty Years of Glenalmond and its People, by David Willington, published by Elliott & Thompson, 2008

External links[ edit ]

  • School Website
  • Profile on the Good Schools Guide
  • Profile on the ISC website
  • Glenalmond College’s page on Scottish Schools Online
  • Pride and Privilege documentary director’s film page
  • Architect and College origins

Coordinates : 56°26′31″N 3°39′36″W / 56.4419°N 3.6600°W / 56.4419; -3.6600

Retrieved from ” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glenalmond_College&oldid=841867959 ”
Categories :

  • Category A listed buildings in Perth and Kinross
  • Listed schools in Scotland
  • Educational institutions established in 1847
  • Member schools of the Headmasters’ and Headmistresses’ Conference
  • Independent schools in Perth and Kinross
  • Secondary schools in Perth and Kinross
  • Boarding schools in Perth and Kinross
  • 1847 establishments in Scotland
Hidden categories:

  • EngvarB from January 2014
  • Use dmy dates from January 2014
  • Coordinates on Wikidata

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      I’m currently into studying Biochemistry and Physics. I bought this book after seeing a pdf version that was part of a “Great Science Textbooks…” collection. As I started browsing the file I found myself being captivated by just about any section I skipped into. That is, I was learning and re-learning some of the fundamentals which I thought I already knew (and probably should’ve, but didn’t), and it was like an “AHAH!” experience when the light would go on. This was great fun! I enjoyed that so much I immediately ordered the book. I began referring back to it to help me … full review

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      HTML5

      Web Development Advice

      HTML

      Web Development

      How-to Question

      Computer Programming

      How do I write text over image in HTML?

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      28 Answers

      Sahil Popli

      Sahil Popli , </html> The end is always near.

      1. You need to create a parent with relative position.
      2. Then Add your image and text.
      3. Give the text layer the basic style and add position absolute and top,left,right,bottom value relative to where you need the text to appear.
      4. Give width 100% for the text layer to cover full width as your relative parent.

      Check Out the demo on Fiddle – Text over Image Simple Solution

      Code

      <!-- HTML -->
      <div class="relative"> <img src="image-path" alt=""> <p class="absolute-text">Hey I am text on an Image.</a> </p>
      </div>
      .relativeposition:relative; width:600px;
      .absolute-textposition:absolute; bottom:0; font-size:24px; font-family:"vedana"; background:rgba(251,251,251,0.5);
      padding:10px 20px; width:100%; text-align:center;
      .absolute-text afont-size:16px; color:#b92b27;

      Thanks

      Delfi Ramirez

      Delfi Ramirez , Segonquart Studio

      • Open a text editor.
      • Write the following snippet:
      <figure>
      <img src="your-image.png" alt="Your text" />
      <figcaption>Your text</figcaption>
      </figure>
      • Insert the snippet you have written in your structured html doc.
      • apply styles with the use of CSS, if needed.

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      Vijay Koushik

      Vijay Koushik , former Associate Software Developer at Acheron Software Consultancy (2015)

      Well, It’s simple.

      1. Create a container for the image and make it’s position relative. (to get along with the rest of the page)
      2. Place the image within the container.
      3. Place the text immediately below the image within the container and make it’s position absolute (to overlay text on the image) and place it as you please.
      4. Finally, add some CSS tricks to suit your needs.

      Example:

      HTML

      <div class="image"> <!-- the image container -->
      <img src="images/3754004820_91a5c238a0.jpg" alt="" /> <!-- the image -->
      <h2>
      <span>A Movie in the Park:<span class=spacer></span><br /><span class=spacer></span>Kung Fu Panda</span> <!-- span tag to beautify it efficiently -->
      </h2> <!-- the text -->
      </div>

      CSS

      .image
      position: relative;
      width: 100%;
      h2
      position: absolute;
      top: 200px;
      left: 0;
      width: 100%;
      h2 span
      color: white;
      font: bold 24px/45px Helvetica, Sans-Serif;
      letter-spacing: -1px;
      background: rgb(0, 0, 0);
      background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.7); padding: 10px;
      h2 span.spacer padding:0 5px; 

      When done it will look something like this

      Enjoy!

      Anshul Sharma

      Anshul Sharma , lives in Luxembourg

      HTML:

      <div id="onboard">hey there!</div>

      CSS:

      #onboard
      width:100%;
      height:100%;
      background: url(img/image.jpg) 50% 0 no-repeat;
      background-size:cover;

      you have a div called "onboard". You apply a background to that div and write anything inside it. alter the size accordingly.

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      Ashish Kumar Goyal

      Ashish Kumar Goyal , Mentor at Coding Blocks

      it is a very common question, but it is very easy to implement .

      let see the screenshot given below..

      here consider this map as an image and the black portion where logo of NGO and address is written is text over an image.

      it is possible by setting position:absolute in CSS coding of text which u want on upper layer of image.

      here we are going to share the screenshot of coding for doing this…

      here we have three div in HTML code.

      first for heading which is outside of the map.

      second for the logo and the address of the NGO.

      third one is for the Map.

      and we have set the position: absolute for first div. and width and height has been set according your requirements.

      let see the screenshot of CSS coding for achieving this..

      here notice that we have position:absolute for one of div to implement this.

      for finding this please visit site which is still in development phase.

      Its Our Earth|Jaypee Institute Of Information Technology

      Another example for this is as :

      output of the following code is as :

      thanks to ask.

      have a good luck..

      Shaurya Verma

      Shaurya Verma , PHP Developer at ProProfs.com (2017-present)

      Originally Answered: How do I put a text on an image in HTML?

      Ii hope this will help you..

      Code:

      <div class="image">

      <img src="images/xyz.png" alt="" />

      <h2>Text On the image:<br />Just add CSS</h2>

      </div>

      CSS:

      .image

      position: relative; width: 100%;

      h2

      position: absolute; top: 200px; left: 0; width: 100%;

      minnie mouse text message



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      Who are the top high school offensive linemen in the Southland?

      Aug 17, 2016 | 9:10 AM

      Who are the top high school offensive linemen in the Southland?
      Mater Dei’s Tommy Brow (Eric Sondheimer / Los Angeles Times)

      Top 10 high school offensive linemen in the Southland heading into the 2016 season (in alphabetical order):

      Massaman Ladji Bagayoko; Alemany; 6-5; 290; sr. Gets better every game.

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      Tommy Brown; Mater Dei; 6-7; 325; jr. Can be a dominant blocker.

      Wyatt Davis; St. John Bosco; 6-4; 315; sr. Ohio State commit is the real deal.

      Nick Ford; San Pedro; 6-6; 270; sr. A standout from the Marine League.

      Tavita Moe; St. John Bosco; 6-4; 348; sr., Center will be critical to Braves’ success.

      Brett Neilon; Santa Margarita; 6-3; 290; sr. Center is committed to USC.

      Kanan Ray; Sierra Canyon; 6-4; 275; sr. UCLA commit is ready for a big season.

      Casey Roddick; St. Bonaventure; 6-4; 330; sr. Has the size; has worked on strength.

      Mike Saffell; Edison; 6-3; 290; sr. Center with intelligence, toughness.

      Solo Vaipulu; Corona Centennial; 6-2; 290; jr. A rising prospect.

      Best of the rest

      Noel Beltran; La Salle; 6-3; 275; sr. Should be an All-CIF candidate.

      Zack Boyle; Calabasas; 5-11; 250; sr. Returning all-league performer.

      Scott Brooks; Moorpark; 6-4; 280; sr. Has size, experience, toughness.

      Jonnathan Avila-Burgueno; Rancho Mirage; 6-3; 290; sr. First-team all-league last season.

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      Jesse Chamberlain; Burroughs; 6-4; 265; sr. The best offensive lineman in Pacific League.

      Colton Costanza; Canyon Country Canyon; 6-3; 270; sr.; First-team All-Foothill League.

      Justin Dedich; Chaparral; 6-2; 275; jr. Already has an offer from UCLA.

      Williams DeLaCruz; Long Beach Wilson; 6-1; 290; sr. All-CIF Pac-5 last season.

      Nico DiFronzo, Oaks Christian; 6-4; 280; sr. Will be the big man up front for the Lions.

      Isaiah Flanagan; South East; 6-4; 310; sr. Can be the best lineman in the City Section.

      Peselao Gauta; Garden Grove; 6-5; 315; jr. Has the kind of size to gain attention.

      Steven Jones; Chaparral; 6-5; 315; jr. Has size to be a standout

      Dylan Kellogg; Chaminade; 6-4; 270; jr. Part of terrific 2018 class for the Eagles.

      Jesus Lara; Garfield; 6-2; 255; sr. Left tackle with strength.

      Luke LaCilento; Servite; 6-3; 315; jr. Big, powerful and mean.

      Anthony Mermea; Vista Murrieta; 6-1; 275; sr. Center with good technique.

      Ryan Nelson; Buena Park; 6-4; 250; sr. Scholarship offers are piling up.

      Jordan Palmer; SO Notre Dame; 6-2; 300; jr. Set to be All-CIF player.

      Romeo Pantoja; Kaiser; 6-2; 235; sr. Returning All-CIF performer.

      Jarrett Patterson; Mission Viejo; 6-5; 280; jr. Highly regarded blocker.

      Ashamad Pinchem; Los Angeles; 6-4; 260; jr. Ready to become a standout on both sides of ball.

      Connor Pettek; Thousand Oaks; 6-4; 280; sr. All-CIF player.

      Arwin Rahmatpanah; Corona del Mar; 5-11; 260; sr. Veteran anchors his team’s line.

      Ari Sallus; Palisades; 6-4; 260; jr. Can be the best in the Western League.

      Koby Toa; La Mirada; 6-3; 295; sr. Gets off ball fast.

      Shammah Tupua; Narbonne; 6-3; 330; sr. Let’s see who handles him in the City Section.

      Zelan Tupuola; JSerra; 6-3; 280; sr. Offensive guard has strength.

      Brandon Watson; Rancho Cucamonga; 6-3; 255; sr. Key blocker for the Cougars.

      Travis Yates; Orange Lutheran; 6-3; 270; sr. Committed to Montana State.

      Logan Zylstra; Bonita; 6-2; 240; sr. All-CIF player.

      —Compiled by Eric Sondheimer

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      • The Crootletter

      How top college football programs evaluate offensive line recruits


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      Welcome to The Crootletter ( sign up to get this in your inbox every morning! ). I’m Bud Elliott, SB Nation’s National Recruiting Analyst, and in this space I’ll be sharing news, rumors and musings on the world of college football recruiting.

      By

      Bud Elliott


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      How top college football programs evaluate offensive line recruits


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      I have this lasting image in my mind of Alabama steamrolling Georgia. It did not happen in the 2012 SEC Championship, but I simply cannot shake what happened in 2008 or 2015. Judging from how he is recruiting, new coach Kirby Smart can’t, either. Watching the offers coming out of Athens, specifically along the lines of scrimmage, it feels like I am back in 2010 watching Jimbo Fisher change the types of bodies recruited in Tallahassee. Throw in the parallel that both Saban disciples took over for Bobby Bowden himself or a former top lieutenant, and it fits even better.

      The Saban coaches have a saying: “They don’t let lightweights fight heavyweights.” A significant number of short yardage and red zone plays are won by pushing people, and if technique and leverage are equal, the big man often wins. While Fisher had to do it mostly on defense, Smart’s offers on the offensive line clearly indicate that the head man believes the Bulldogs need it on offense. Add in Sam Pittman, the offensive line coach who crafted one of the biggest offensive lines in college football at Arkansas, and it’s not hard to predict Georgia’s linemen are going to get bigger.

      Monday, UGA flipped three-star guard Justin Shaffer from Louisville , a 335-pounder from Ellenwood (Ga.) Cedar Grove. Shaffer is not a national recruit at this point, but he is the sort of body the Bulldogs are offering, five of whom are already over 315 pounds.

      Georgia also added a highly coveted transfer from Rhode Island , who checks in at 300 pounds.

      Lineman recruiting at the highest level falls into three categories:

      1) Players who are college-ready,

      2) Players who can become college-ready within a year or two in the strength program by losing some weight and unlocking athleticism or by gaining some muscle while retaining athleticism, and

      3) Players who coaches hope can unlock a lot of athleticism by losing considerable bad weight, or who coaches hope can keep their athleticism and add a ton of muscle.

      I made this into a graphic:


      As you might expect, players in the first category are rare and highly coveted, and most schools are not going to land more than one per year. It’s all about projecting and seeing what the player can be. College programs take a ton of measurements when a player gets into camp — hand side, hip width, neck size, shoulder width, shoe size, reach, etc., and compare it to years of data they have on what a starter often measures in high school. And they eyeball the parents and any siblings or relatives if possible, too.

      As you might expect, players further down the scale are much higher variance projects.

      Players without the frame to eventually profile as an upper-tier Power 5 lineman don’t really fit into any of the three groups, and aren’t really recruited by those programs very often, though it is important to balance ceiling and floor.

      This is to say nothing of technique, which matters, but does not override physical talent in the evaluation process.

      Georgia appears to be going the route of grabbing big, strong guards who need to drop some, but not a crazy amount of weight to unlock more flexibility and quickness.

      This works well at guard, but is sometimes tougher to do at tackle due to the athleticism requirements, which is why we see that half of the Bulldogs’ offers at tackle are to players who are actually under 300 pounds (as juniors in high school). If a program signs one of those players, it likely knows that it has to put 20-30 pounds of good weight on him within the first two years to see a positive return in the prospect’s last two or three in the program.

      Quickly

      Christian McCaffrey’s brother Dylan, a top quarterback recruit out of Colorado, committed to Michigan Monday .

      I don’t believe the Louisiana political scene and budget crisis will impact LSU’s recruiting, but it was enough to cause a recruit to decommit from Louisiana Tech Monday .

      Previously

      If you’re a recent signup or missed a day, that’s OK. I link my previous Crootletters in this section.

      LSU stole Auburn’s best recruiter , who also happens to be one of the most beloved AU players of all time.

      This read on the challenges of recruiting at Penn State and how James Franklin and his staff are trying to overcome is well worth your time.

      I discussed how winning early in a head coaching tenure can hurt recruiting due to perception of trajectory .

      2016’s running back recruit crop was not very good. 2017’s is very promising .

      I ranked the Power 5 conferences by how many blue-chippers they signed per team .



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