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https://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2016/10/15/brics-in-goa-the-search-for-the-next-emerging-market-acronyms/



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    • India Real Time

    Brics in Goa: The Search for the Next Emerging Market Acronyms

    From Brics to CIVETS, here are the most catchy terms

    GOA, Oct. 14, 2016 (Xinhua) -- A security guard stood guard in Goa, India, Oct. 14, 2016.

    GOA, Oct. 14, 2016 (Xinhua) — A security guard stood guard in Goa, India, Oct. 14, 2016.


    Photo:

    Bi Xiaoyang/Zuma Press

    By


    1 COMMENTS

    This weekend, leaders from the Brics nations are meeting in Goa in India to try to strengthen their cooperation.

    The group of diverse countries–which eventually became Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa–was originally promoted as the next big thing by a Goldman Sachs economist.

    More In Brics

    • India’s Modi Calls Pakistan Terror ‘Mothership’ at Brics Summit
    • India, Russia Seek Deeper Defense Ties Amid Geopolitical Shifts
    • What Is Going to Happen at the Brics Summit in Goa? – The Short Answer
    • This Is How Transparent Indian Companies Are Compared With Emerging-Market Peers
    • How Indian Schools Fared in University Rankings for Emerging Markets

    The Brics acronym and concept that the world was witnessing the birth of a new type of leading economy was so popular that it spawned mutual funds and an institution which had its first summit in 2009.

    But recently most members have been struggling.

    China’s growth has slowed , Russia has been battered by Western sanctions and South Africa is riven with political scandals that are hitting the strength of the currency .

    Brics is one of the many acronyms and country groupings invented by bankers and consultants to help investors and companies work out where they should be investing.

    BRIC was first coined by Goldman Sachs’s Jim O’Neill in 2001. (South Africa became associated with it later.) The investment bank closed its BRIC fund in 2011 , and made it into a larger emerging-market product.

    Since it looks like Brics nations failed to live up to the hype, here are some alternative nicknames for clusters of countries bankers suggest we watch out for.

    Name: The Next 11
    Countries: Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, South Korea, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Turkey and Vietnam.
    Goldman Sachs came up with this one too, in 2005. According to an investment brochure from 2013 said the bank expected the countries to add $4 trillion to global GDP in 10 years.

    Name: CIVETS
    Countries: Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa
    HSBC Global Asset Management launched a fund targeting these countries in 2011, after the term was coined by the Economist Intelligence Unit in 2009 . These were defined a countries with young populations and potential future growth.

    Name: EAGLES
    Countries: China, India, Brazil, Indonesia, South Korea, Russia, Mexico, Egypt, Taiwan and Turkey
    Perhaps overwhelmed by the number of acronyms, BBVA Research created EAGLES to cover a large basket of emerging markets. The term stands for Emerging and Growth-Leading Economies and a paper from the group said in 2010 were the countries they believed deserved closer investor attention.

    Name: MINT
    Countries: Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, Turkey
    Jim O’Neill in 2013 pointed out that a new term was being used for emerging economies to watch.

    Name: TIMPs
    Country: Turkey, Indonesia, Mexico and the Philippines
    This one was invented by Turner Investments. In a report entitled “ Look out BRICS, here come the TIMPs, ” Bob Turner, chairman said in 2013 that these nations could be the new Brics.

    Name: MIST
    Countries: Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, Turkey
    This is another invention credited to Mr. O’Neill. These countries were put on the watch list as some of the world’s fastest-growing economies.

    Name: The Fragile Five
    Countries: Brazil, India, Indonesia, South Africa and Turkey
    Not an acronym, but useful nonetheless. These are the countries Morgan Stanley warned could be hurt most as money is yanked out of emerging markets.


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    The Mixed Fortunes of the BRICS Countries, in 5 Facts






    The president of the Brics New Development Bank, KV Kamath, is seen with President Jacob Zuma, Malusi Gigaba and Maite Nkoana-Mashabane during the launch of the bank at the African Regional Centre on August 17, 2017 in Sandton, South Africa

    The president of the Brics New Development Bank, KV Kamath, is seen with President Jacob Zuma, Malusi Gigaba and Maite Nkoana-Mashabane during the launch of the bank at the African Regional Centre on August 17, 2017 in Sandton, South Africa
    The Times—Getty Images

    By

    Ian Bremmer

    September 1, 2017

    This weekend, the BRICS countries—Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa—will convene in the Chinese city of Xiamen for their annual summit. It wasn’t long ago that the BRICS were heralded as the future of the globalized economy. Then, for a variety of reasons, the group lost a bit of its luster. Now’s the time to check back in with them.

    1. BRICS straddle one quarter of the world

    The story of the BRICS—or technically, BRIC countries (South Africa joined in 2010)—begins with Goldman Sachs chief economist Jim O’Neill, who wrote a paper in 2001 arguing that these were the emerging superstars most likely to dominate the 21st century globalized economy. Taken together, these five countries cover 40 percent of the world’s population and more than 25 percent of the world’s land. The sky seemed the limit.

    They delivered on some of that promise—between 1990 to 2014, these countries went from accounting for 11 percent of the world’s GDP to almost 30 percent. Yet, the global financial crisis inflicted lasting damage, and Goldman Sachs shut down its BRIC investment fund in late 2015 after its assets plunged in value by 88 percent from their 2010 highpoint. But the group continues to meet and to talk up an ambitious common agenda.

    Roughly speaking, the BRICS can be broken into two groups—those that took advantage of globalization’s march to integrate themselves into global supply chains (primarily China and India) and those that took advantage of globalization to sell their abundant natural resources (primarily Brazil, Russia and South Africa).

    2. China and India’s middle classes are surging

    Let’s start with global supply chains, and their biggest success story: China is now the second-largest economy in the world by GDP and poised to overtake the US for #1 over the next few years . In 1990, China produced less than 3 percent of the world’s manufacturing output when measured by value; by 2015, it produced roughly 25 percent. And as went China’s manufacturing prowess, so went China’s middle class. In 1990, China made up zero percent of the global middle class ; by 2015 it comprised 16 percent, and another 350 million Chinese people are expected to join by 2030.

    India is a similar story, but instead of focusing on manufacturing, it went the services route instead. Today, services account for roughly 61 percent of its GDP, with a particular emphasis on IT—at $108 billion, India is one of the world’s leading IT services exporters. And the rise of India’s middle class resembles that of China’s; Indians went from 1 percent of the global middle class in 1990 to 8 percent in 2015, with another 380 million Indians expected to join by 2030.

    3. The collapse in commodity prices has threatened the other BRICS nations

    The picture is decidely mixed, meanwhile, with the other BRICS countries, who rose mainly on the back of their vast natural wealth. Brazil sells commodities like soybeans, iron ore, and crude oil on global markets. Combining that financial windfall with innovative social programs helped lift 29 million Brazilians from poverty between 2003 and 2014. As a group, Brazil’s poor are arguably the largest beneficiaries of globalization in the Western hemisphere.

    South Africa also used its natural wealth—in this case rare gems and metals like gold, diamonds and platinum—to help get its economy on track following apartheid. In 1990, the country exported $27 billion worth of goods; by 2011, that number had increased nearly five-fold. And then there’s Russia, which spent the 1990s rebuilding itself from the rubble of the Soviet Union. Thankfully, the country is blessed with abundant energy sources—crude oil, natural gas, metals and minerals—that helped it find its footing. In 2000, 29 percent of Russians lived below the poverty line; by 2012, just 11 percent did.

    But the fall in commodity prices of recent years has done significant damage in all three countries— where Brazil’s 3-year average GDP growth between 2005-2007 was 4.41 percent , the last three years have seen an average growth of -2.29 percent. Over the same time periods, South Africa’s growth rate has fallen from 5.41 percent to 1.09 percent; Russia’s from 7.69 percent to -0.77 percent.

    4. Corruption is still endemic within the BRICS

    All of these five countries have been held back by corruption, in varying ways, but their rising importance to the global economic system ensures the spotlight now shines brighter than ever. Yet some of the BRICS countries have handled it better than others.

    Brazil’s spiraling corruption investigations have already felled former president Dilma Rousseff and threaten the current administration of President Michel Temer. On the bright side, these same corruption investigations have made Brazil the gold standard of judicial independence and rule-of-law in Latin America. In South Africa, corruption allegations continue to pile up against the ruling ANC party and the country’s president Jacob Zuma, who is awaiting a supreme court hearing in September to see if 783 criminal charges against him will be reinstated. Thanks in part to a campaign by opposition activist Alexei Navalny, 47 percent of Russians now believe “corruption has significantly taken hold in the Russian government.” Don’t expect much change there, however, even after the 2018 presidential election.

    India and China have made bolder attempts to combat corruption. Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India’s government decided to do away with 500 and 1000 rupee notes (86 percent of the currency in circulation at the time) in a bid to clamp down on tax evasion and the black market. And while early returns haven’t been great , Modi has gotten even more ambitious with the introduction of a biometric ID system, intended to bypass corruption and fraud by distributing public subsidies and unemployment benefits directly. Despite privacy concerns, more than a billion people have signed up.

    China’s President Xi Jinping, meanwhile, is using a massive multiyear anti-corruption drive (nearly 300,000 Communist Party officials were punished for corruption offenses in 2015) both to consolidate power ahead of a major leadership transition around Xi this fall and to restore the ruling party’s image as defender of the Chinese people.

    5. The “winners” remain at risk

    It would be easy to label India and China as the clear winners among the BRICS, but it’s not that simple. Yes, India and China have the fastest growth rates of any major economies in the world, and citizens of these countries remain optimistic about the future. But nearly 50 percent of Indians remain vulnerable to a slide back into poverty, and China’s economy has slowed as higher wages make manufacturing more expensive. Both countries are especially vulnerable to technological changes that bring automation into the workplace on a larger scale. The World Bank estimates that 68 percent of all existing jobs in India are “at risk” from automation. In China, the figure is 77 percent.

    Even the sturdiest of BRICS isn’t as strong as it used to be.

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    Last updated: June 29, 2018

    College , Money & Career

    Is College for Everyone? Part II: The Pros and Cons of Attending a 4-Year College

    vintage college campus students walking in and out of front gate

    Welcome to Part II of our series that asks the question of whether or not college is necessary. In Part I, we took a look at the history of higher education in America . What started as a place for a small, elite group of students began turning into an American rite of passage in the early 1900s. Enrollment boomed, endowments skyrocketed, and the idea of college became imbued with a romantic haze that has endured until the present day.

    This last decade, however, has started to show that four years of college immediately after high school may not be the best option for every student out there. Today, we’re going to look at the pros and cons a young man should consider before deciding to enroll in a four-year university.

    While some of these pros and cons apply equally to both four-year and two-year schools, in general, they are specific to four-year schools. For example, while tuition costs are skyrocketing at four-year institutions (especially private ones), community college remains pretty affordable at an average of just over $2,000/year. And while it’s possible to form close relationships at a community college (even if those friendships aren’t quite as wacky as depicted on the eponymous television show), it’s harder to do because students don’t live on campus.

    The reason we’ll be concentrating on the pros and cons of enrolling in a four-year school, particularly right after graduating high school, is because of the weight those particular institutions carry in the minds of Americans. The cultural pressure to go on to college after high school almost completely centers on enrolling in a four-year college. While plenty of students attend community and technical colleges, the majority of 18-year-olds that have graduated high school will attend four-year schools. In total, you see about twice the number of four-year students (~11 million) than two-year (~6.5 million).

    There is still a certain stigma attached to two-year schools – that they’re only for those who don’t get in or can’t afford “normal” college. Without a doubt the cultural perception is that two-year schools are a step down from four-year institutions. It’s an unfortunate side effect of the blanket prestige given to four-year schools.

    But is that level of prestige truly deserved? Should attending a four-year college be the aim of every high school senior in the country? In this post we will examine the positives and negatives of attending a four-year institution with the goal of receiving your bachelor’s degree.

    The Cons of Attending a Four-Year College

    Tuition Costs Are Skyrocketing

    Given the fact that we are still experiencing the aftershocks of the 2008 recession, it’s inevitable that many of these cons are related to money. I’ll try to address a few specific concerns within the broader category of college economics.

    The first is that the cost of tuition is growing at a rate far higher than the general inflation of the economy. What this means is that more and more students (and their families) aren’t actually able to afford college, but enroll anyway, because it’s still just what you do.

    Since 1990, just 24 years ago, the price of a four-year institution has soared 300%. That’s an eye-popping number to be sure, but you can say that about a lot of products. You have to factor in general inflation numbers in order to figure out the real significance. When we do that, we see that in those 24 years, tuition has risen at a rate that is 2.5-4 times that of the national inflation, depending on who you ask. Theoretically, when disproportional inflation occurs, that product becomes a luxury good. That has not been the case with college, however, as enrollments only continue to go up. (Minor caveat: enrollments dropped among all college types slightly in 2013 — by 2.3% from the year prior — but the majority of that number was in fewer adult learners enrolling at either for-profit schools or public community colleges.)

    Ultimately this means that families are spending money they don’t have for a luxury product they can no longer reasonably afford. At an average cost of around $20,000/year for college, families are looking at an expense that is 38% of their entire household income. That’s a rate at which most families would be denied a mortgage.

    Unfortunately, there’s no real end in sight. In 2011 alone, the cost of public schools rose 5.4 percent and private schools rose an astounding 8.3 percent, both of which significantly outpaced the 3 percent inflation for the economy. Wages simply aren’t keeping up with college costs, and Americans have not yet been able to cut back on this particular expense.

    A Degree Isn’t Yielding the ROI That It Used To

    Tuition may be going up, but a college degree is still thought to be a good investment. But it could be argued that while the cost of college has been rising, its actual value – on many different fronts – has been declining.

    The popular statistic thrown around in regards to the long-term, monetary value of a college degree is that graduates earn, on average, $1 million more over the course of their lifetime than non-degree holders. To a high schooler, or even a parent of a student, that’s a number that cannot be ignored.

    Unfortunately, it’s a little bit misleading, and also simply not as accurate post-recession. That $1 million number is quite top-heavy. If you make it into a top university and graduate with honors, your earnings are likely to be much higher than if you scrape by at Podunk U. Those at the very top are well above that $1 million figure, and skew the results for the rest of us. A recent study by PayScale.com found that there are only 72 schools (out of 2,700 4-year schools in America) at which earning a degree can get you a $1 million return on investment over high school grads. The median is closer to $500,000 according to that report, which while still being a lofty number, is half of what prospective college goers are often promised.

    That $1 million number may have been true 12 years ago when it was released in a report by the US Census Bureau, but with the recession, and wage inflation being lower than general inflation, to continue to throw that number around today is irresponsible.

    At one time, college certainly was a reasonable investment. Tuition was low ($1,200/year in the 1970s at public schools, including room and board!) and therefore affordable, and you’d be rewarded with a well-paying job. Forty years ago, over a third of the labor force didn’t even have four years of high school education, while only 10 percent of the population had a degree. That made college graduates more of a hot commodity, and in the mid-nineties, at the height of America’s economic success, the unemployment rate for college graduates was around 2%.

    That time is long gone. Tuition has become damn-near unaffordable for most, and well-paying jobs (heck, jobs period) are nowhere near the guarantee they once were after you graduate. In fact, recent grads (ages 20-24) have an unemployment rate that is now at about 7.8%. That’s higher than the national unemployment, and close to three times higher than it was about 20 years ago. This means you’re accumulating mountains of debt (which was not the case even a decade ago, when less than one-third of graduates used student loans – more on that below) that will strap your financial decisions for decades after graduating, and you may not even have a means of paying it off. Does that sound like a good investment?

    Another factor that has to be considered in this topic of ROI is your lost potential income during your college years. Let’s consider even the lowest wage scenario. If you make minimum wage, with zero raises over the course of four years, you’ll have made $56,000. That’s not chump change, and it’s likely you’d make much more than that. I had jobs in high school that were well above minimum wage, and you’re almost guaranteed raises if you’re competent. Then factor in the out-of-pocket expenses as well as the debt for someone in four years of school (which is generous in itself – the average these days for graduation is closer to 5 and even 6 years). You’re looking at anywhere from $25,000 to $100,000 for the average student. Then you consider interest on those student loans, and the fact that you’ll take an average of 16-18 years paying them off (during which that high school graduate likely moved up the ranks and is now earning a decent wage), and all of a sudden the difference is not as great as it once appeared in terms of total earnings. While there is still a difference in the earnings of college grads vs high school grads (I’ll cover that below in the “Pros” section), it’s not as great as what it used to be, and it’s not as great as what is often promised by college admissions offices.

    Loans and Debt are Crippling College Grads (and the Economy)

    In 2010, the total amount of student debt overtook the total amount of credit card debt in America. As of 2013, there is $1.2 trillion in outstanding student loans – that’s over $3,700 for every man, woman, and child in America. As our nation recovers from the recession, we’ve actually managed to cut down our credit card and mortgage debt. The one area that’s still growing? Student debt.

    The major issue, economically, is that about $1 trillion of that is backed by the federal government. This puts the American taxpayer at risk as the creditor, which means we the people carry the burden of unpaid student loans. And that burden is only increasing. Recent reports show that 10% (and the number is increasing) of student loans are in default. On government loans, this means they haven’t been paid in 9 months. Furthermore, only 4 in 10 student loan borrowers are paying back their loans at any given time. Graduates are not able to pay back their debt, and that hurts their credit tremendously, which impacts all future financial (and life) decisions, including car purchases, home purchases, even marriage.

    For this reason, many economic experts are calling this student loan crisis “ the next housing bubble .” In the mid-1990s, banks were giving out mortgages to anyone and everyone who applied. There wasn’t much due diligence in terms of the borrowers’ ability to pay back their loans. Eventually, that came to bite banks in the rear, and they needed a hefty (to say the least) government bailout in order to survive. The same thing is happening with student loans. Schools give out tens of thousands of dollars to students (and families) who may not have any realistic ability to pay back those loans. Eventually, as many experts are warning, this will create the same effect as what happened to our economy in 2008.

    Another crippling factor of student loan debt is that it’s not eligible to be discharged by declaring bankruptcy. While not affecting a great number of people, you never know when something catastrophic could come along and you need the fresh start that bankruptcy sometimes provides for those in dire straits. If you’re not able to discharge student loans, it could hamper your ability to ever recover financially. It’s worth noting that private student debt is far more dangerous than government student debt. While both are non-dischargeable, government loans have low, fixed rates (for the most part – depending on the mood of congress), and repayment can be adjusted based on income (although doing so increases the length of the loan and the interest).

    Two-thirds of all students are graduating with debt, and the average amount owed is over $26,000 (a 43% increase from just 7 years ago – right before the recession). With interest, that puts your average monthly bill at $320. When you get married that bill can double, and you’re looking at a lot of money each month that isn’t going into savings, isn’t going towards other debt (credit, car loans, mortgages), isn’t going towards helping the American economy recover.

    College Doesn’t Necessarily Grow Your Mind

    vintage college class professor lecturing at front of classroom

    The two reasons for attending college that are foremost in people’s minds are increasing one’s earning potential and sharpening one’s mind. As just discussed, the value college offers on that first front has been falling. And unfortunately, the benefits of higher education on one’s mind have been shriveling as well.

    Attending college isn’t necessarily the mind-expanding endeavor it’s always been made out to be. While it’s assumed you’ll be a better critical thinker, problem solver, philosopher, etc., those benefits don’t automatically accrue simply by sending in your tuition check. One study from 2011 found that about half of college students see no improvement in their problem solving, reasoning, or writing skills in their first two years, and over a third see no improvement during the entirety of their college experience. Sure, the environment can lend itself to growth, but attending college without vigorously applying yourself won’t magically sharpen your cognitive powers.

    At the heart of the problem is a shift in attitude amongst colleges and students alike towards viewing education as just another consumer commodity. Colleges see their students as customers, and the customer is always right.

    Take the practice of students evaluating their professors. Gaining popularity in the 60s and 70s when universities started to become more student-driven, evaluation forms are now a top metric in professor reviews. Even if subconscious, this means professors are now catering more towards making the students like them in the short-term rather than providing the kind of challenging, mind-expanding coursework that will benefit them in the long-term. Profs don’t want bad marks from students for being boring or too hard, so they water down their requirements in order to earn a thumbs up.

    Closely related to this is the softening of grading standards . At Harvard, for example, the most common mark given is a straight A. The pattern is repeated at other Ivy League schools as well, where upwards of 60% of all grades given are in the A range. Rising to the very top of the class no longer requires the maxing out of one’s cognitive abilities. Some schools are doing something about this rampant grade inflation by instituting limits on the number of A’s awarded, but it’s certainly not widespread practice.

    College Doesn’t Necessarily Prepare You for the Real World

    vintage college man passed on dorm room floor drunk

    Let’s go over how I spent my four years of college:

    • I spent four years in a dorm room, two of those years with roommates, two by myself as an RA. I had no kitchen in my room. I had no bathroom in my room. I had a bed, a desk, and a TV.
    • I had a meal plan for four years. I got two meals a day from a variety of cafeterias, and often just skipped a meal out of sheer laziness.
    • I spent hours each day playing video games with friends.
    • Related to the above, I was awake until well past midnight most evenings, and woke up around 7:30am for early classes.
    • I skipped class fairly regularly, with no real punishment. Sure, a grade may have slipped a notch or two, but that didn’t have any impact on my life.
    • My bills amounted to gas, car insurance, and my cell phone – totaling probably around $150/month.

    Does that sound like real-world experience? Another of the benefits that college supposedly imparts is that it prepares you for the real world and helps you develop into a mature adult. I can’t say I really received that. Quite to the contrary – when one places the responsibilities and expectations of a college student up against those required outside the corridors of higher ed, yawning gaps appear.

    Once you’re out on your own, if you skip or roll in late to work like you did for class, you’ll get canned. If you wait for a magical elf to come in and clean your bathroom, it will quickly turn into a cesspool. If you haven’t learned to budget, there can be serious consequences.

    College has in many ways become a womb of relatively carefree living. It’s sure fun while it lasts, but once you have to step into the light, it can be pretty blinding. The adjustment to living in the real world can be difficult – practically and emotionally. Young men often graduate without the life skills and decision-making abilities they need to navigate the next part of their lives. They may find themselves floundering in new responsibilities they have no experience in shouldering. Acute nostalgia for their undergrad days can set in, leading them to attempt to recreate those conditions to increasingly diminishing returns.

    Ideally, one’s teenage and early twentysomething years should be like a gradual on-ramp to adulthood, where you slowly accumulate the life skills and mindset you need to thrive as a grown man. Instead, moving from college to the real world now more often feels like getting shoved off a cliff.

    College Isn’t Preparing Students for the Job Market

    Many employers have said that the problem with the economy in this country is not necessarily a lack of jobs, but a lack of qualified people to fill those jobs. In fact, a survey by the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools revealed that less than 10 percent of employers believe that colleges do an excellent job preparing students for the working world (whereas well over 90% of provosts believe their graduates are prepared – boosterism at its finest). And 50% of employers noted that it is difficult to find qualified prospects for the positions they’re trying to fill. Rep. Virginia Foxx, the chairwoman of the U.S. House of Representatives higher-education subcommittee, says, “Colleges and universities are pandering to the students and giving them what they want, instead of what the employers want. I don’t think you have to make a distinction between getting skills and getting an education. We need to do both.”

    Our colleges are simply no longer qualifying our students for gainful employment. The loosening of academic standards mentioned above not only negatively impacts the quality of the critical thinking and reasoning skills acquired in college in a general sense, but in a more tangible way, it makes students ill prepared for the job market.

    For instance, in our tech-obsessed world, many students want to be trained in using social media or developing their technology skills. But only 5% of business executives (the ones making the decisions) believe that to be a top-three skill for entering the business world. Those top three skills? Problem solving, collaboration, and critical thinking.

    Another major deficiency is writing and oral communication; a hefty 80% of employers wish schools would put more emphasis on those skills. Not all students are required to take basic writing classes, but absolutely should be, based on the needs of the marketplace. I can say without a doubt that the single best class I ever took – the one that helped my professional career the most — was PR Writing, and letter grades were docked for each grammatical mistake. (Thanks, Professor Bodensteiner!)

    Again we circle back to the insidious effects that placing education in a consumer/customer framework has wrought. Students have come to expect their education to be tailored to their own personal pace, likes, and abilities. This most definitely is not how it works in the business world, where your supervisors are catering to the market and to their customers, not to you. Students graduate as consummate consumers who are wholly unprepared to switch roles and take on the mantle of producers .

    Not All 18-Year-Olds Are Ready for College

    People mature at different ages and different rates. Some students are ready for college at 16 and 17 and go on to do very well. Some, however, are thrown out the door at 18 into a totally new world, and just aren’t ready for it. Even Brett details that experience in the introduction to Heading Out On Your Own ; after floundering in his first semester at the University of Oklahoma, he had to move back in with mom and pop. Transitioning from the cocoon of home to all of a sudden living on your own and being entirely responsible for your life can be a bewildering experience.

    There is actually quite a high dropout rate for college freshmen that doesn’t get enough attention in the media. One in four college freshmen drop out in that first year, and half of all college freshmen won’t ever earn a degree. Reasons cited do include academic skills, but the greatest factors are social and emotional – self-esteem, self-care, anxiety, depression, etc.

    The company that administers the ACT test has found that students aren’t actually academically ready for college, either. They hold certain benchmarks to be “college ready” in the four subjects of the ACT test. Students deemed college ready in a particular subject have a 75% chance of passing a college course in that subject. In 2012, they found that more than 25% of students fell short in all four subjects, and over 60% fell short in two subjects. While this is a problem more related, perhaps, to our elementary and secondary school systems than the students themselves, the fact remains that many 18-year-olds simply aren’t ready for the rigors of college, either academically or socially/emotionally.

    Now that we covered the bad news, let’s move on to the positives of attending a 4-year college.

    The Pros of Attending a 4-Year College

    The Vast Majority of Students Don’t Pay Full Sticker Price

    While the sticker prices for a year’s worth of tuition at college can be quite shocking (New York University takes the cake at a whopping $62,000/year!), over 80% of all students receive some sort of financial aid. Between government Pell Grants, school-specific grants, and scholarships, there’s a lot of free money to be had that doesn’t take the form of student loans (and therefore debt).

    The average student (at private universities) receives about $17,000 in financial aid, with about half of that being student loans and half being grants/scholarships. This means that out-of-pocket costs are lowered to an average of just over $11,000 per year, per student. That makes college much more manageable for families and individuals.

    Many will complain that hours of filling out scholarship forms for a “measly” thousand dollars isn’t worth it, but when you’re out of college and paying back loans and trying to figure out how to balance your budget, you can be sure that that thousand bucks means a world of difference. With over $3.5 billion in yearly scholarship money available, it’s worth your time to go for it.

    It should also be mentioned that many colleges have scholarships based on merit. If you do well, you’re more likely to receive scholarships without having to fill out any forms at all. After a rough first year of college, my GPA went up each year, and much to my surprise, when I was junior I was given a scholarship that all students in my degree program received with a GPA above a certain level. The better you do in school, the more financial aid you’re likely to receive. (It should be noted this is true of high school, too. If you’re on the honor roll in high school, you’re much more likely to receive automatic scholarships and grants.)

    All of this is to say that the sticker shock of college prices doesn’t have to be so shocking. With the right financial aid package, many schools (including elite private colleges) become affordable – relatively speaking, of course.

    You Often Make Great, Lasting Personal Relationships

    vintage college students african american black men waking on campus

    What’s interesting in talking with people about the benefits of their college experience is that it’s often the intangibles that take center stage. Whereas with the negatives, you can point to stats and specific institutional problems, there’s just something about college that people really love.

    One of those somethings is certainly the unique relationships you make. At a four-year school, you’re surrounded by friends in the dorms at nearly all times; you have classes together, you eat all your meals together, you hang out playing MarioKart every night until 3am (was that last one just me?). When you spend that much time with people, you’re going to form very tight bonds. And because of that – spending so much time with friends – you end up having about the most fun on a daily basis that you’ll ever have. You don’t have the responsibilities of a full-time job or of owning a home, so you’re free to just hang out pretty much all the time with the people you care about. That’s a recipe for having a good time.

    The reality is that outside of close environs like that, it’s harder to make friends. If you’re working full-time, living by yourself or with just a roommate or two, you’ll have to put in more effort to create those lasting relationships.

    This is especially true in the dating world. Why do you think online dating has become so popular? Because outside of college – where you are no longer surrounded by people of roughly the same demographic – it’s just hard to know where to look for that special someone. You have bars, your workplace, and…that’s about it. So, people turn to online sites just because they don’t know where else to meet people. Connecting with your future spouse at college may save you from spending years surfing Match.com.

    You Often Make Great, Lasting Professional/Mentoring Relationships

    vintage college student talking with professor in classroom

    One of the great benefits of college, especially in regards to your professional career, is simply the astounding number of very smart, successful people you’re surrounded by, be they professors, advisors, deans, etc. Most colleges have internship programs, job boards, and entire staffs devoted to helping you land a job. Beyond that, professors often end up being the best connections and mentors you may ever have.

    In talking with various people about their college experience, you often hear the fact that college “opened doors” for them. While not always articulated, this usually means they had some type of networking connection that got them in a door somewhere. My first internships related to my major came through professors who recommended me for those positions. Those internships gave me experience that led to full-time jobs. Doors opened.

    Beyond just getting opportunities for jobs, you may also meet incredible mentors in college that serve as life advisors for decades, and will help you shape your own life philosophies (see below). Their benefit cannot be measured, and there are few opportunities outside of college for those types of relationships to be formed and fostered.

    College Can Expand Your Mind and Your Horizons

    vintage college students working at desk in dorm room

    While as mentioned above, college won’t necessarily expand your mind, it certainly has ample potential to do so. I know college was definitely a time for me of expanding my horizons and learning to think on my own. While vague, that’s without a doubt one of the most important things college did for me. Had I stayed close to home, or just gone right into the working world, I’m not sure how much I would have grown intellectually or emotionally. My worldviews changed quite dramatically over four years in college, and I’m quite thankful for that.

    I was able to have my religious and political and philosophical views that I’d carried from my parents and my hometown really torn down, and then built back up again by what I found in my independent thought processes. Brett and Kate, and subsequently this blog, were greatly influenced by Professor J. Rufus Fears at the University of Oklahoma, who taught them the importance of extracting life lessons from history.

    While tapping into the mind-sharpening power of college requires a student to be self-motivated and leave the path of least resistance by intentionally seeking out talented professors, rigorous courses, honors classes, and small seminars, the rewards can be incredibly worthwhile and truly unmatched.

    The honing of your mind is not always something that can be done completely on your own. We often need a gentle push to do so. College was that trigger for me, and for many other people. While it takes the individual being in the right mindset for growth, if that’s in place, there are few better places than college for shaping a perspective and philosophy you’ll carry throughout the rest of your life.

    A Degree Still Provides a Better ROI Than Just a High School Diploma

    Although a college degree is not necessarily the investment it once was, or is promised to be, it still provides a better opportunity for employment and higher income than not having a degree.

    The national unemployment rate is at around 6.7% right now. For college graduates (all college graduates, not just the recent grads I mentioned above in “Cons”), that rate is just 3.4%. For those with just a high school diploma, the rate is more than double that at 7.3%.

    I mentioned earlier that the ROI of college in terms of lifetime earnings over high school graduates, according to a PayScale.com report, was closer to about $500,000 than the $1 million often cited and touted. Their methodology is a bit complicated, though, and doesn’t include many small business owners, those who are self-employed, or freelancers/contractors. The real, tangible difference to me is in average yearly salaries. For college graduates, it’s $55,700. For high school grads, it’s $33,800. When doing the math over a 40-year career, that comes to a $876,000 difference over a lifetime.

    While grit and hard work will go a long ways in the working world, the best bet for many people is to couple that determination with a college degree.

    A Degree is Required for Many Jobs (Even Relatively Menial Ones These Days)

    There are a huge number of jobs in this country that require a college degree. More likely than not, it’s actually just what will get you in the door for an interview rather than getting you the job itself. Is that chance for an interview worth up to $100,000 in debt? It certainly could be, if the job is well-paying and a great fit for your goals.

    This is particularly true of “STEM” fields – science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. If you’re going into one of these fields, college is likely the right choice. Job postings in these categories outnumber all other job postings 3 to 1 . Sure, you could become a master coder, drop out of school, and start Facebook. But that’s not likely. In these fields, a college degree is largely not only required, but crucial to understanding the work you’ll be doing on a daily basis. And these categories aren’t done growing – they’re expected to outpace normal job growth by about 10% in the next decade.

    Aside from STEM fields, a degree is also a requirement for many mainstream jobs out there today. Be it non-profit, corporate, small business – owners and HR professionals will often throw out resumes that don’t list a college degree. Unfair? Certainly. Reality? Absolutely. A former supervisor of mine said it thusly:

    “I have written job descriptions. I have written the hiring qualifications for various positions. There have been times that one of the jobs I was hiring for had the qualification of “Degree Required.” More often than not, this means a four-year degree required. Yes/No. Black/White. It’s a toggle switch. “Yes” means the candidate moves to the next pile of potential hires. “No” means… well, it means no. No, you don’t have an opportunity to interview for this job. No, you don’t get to talk to someone to show them how much experience you have. No, you don’t get to demonstrate that your actual experience in this exact field is possibly much more beneficial to the company than another person’s 4-year degree in General Studies or European History. Is it fair? Not always. Is it right? Not always. Is it in the company’s overall best interest? Maybe.

    As an employer, here’s what a four-year college degree signifies to me, beyond subject knowledge:

    1) You know how to set and achieve long-term goals (i.e. ‘graduate from college’).

    2) You know how to prioritize and have the ability to put off the need for immediate gratification and see the bigger picture – at least sometimes.

    3) You know how to be a part of a team – not necessarily sports related (there are few college graduates who have not had to work on at least one team project).

    4) You are often self-motivating.

    5) You probably know how to speak in front of a small group.

    6) You probably know how to make a simple presentation.

    7) You understand the concept of deadlines and consequences for missing those deadlines.

    8) You know how to study and take notes.”

    This is how employers think, and how they perceive college graduates. Will this change in the future? Perhaps. But for now, this is the reality of the business world. I can say without a doubt that my own college degree opened doors that would not have been present otherwise.

    Conclusion

    vintage college ad advertisement next stop college

    There are more sides to this coin than expected, aren’t there? While many of these discussions surrounding college center on money, that’s not the whole story.

    Even if it’s not “right,” the college experience is part of the American experience. Most people you encounter will have some amount of college under their belts, whether they earned a degree or not. Dorm life, cafeteria food, sporting events – these are all things we wax nostalgic about when thinking of the “good ole days.” There’s certainly something to be said about that. If there truly was no value to college, people wouldn’t do it. No matter how you look at it, the decision to go to college is a weighty one – one that 18-year-olds have a hard time processing.

    It’s for this reason that we really advocate for taking a gap year . Have you ever wondered why it seems you have to go to college right after you graduate high school? Why must it be the automatic next step? More and more people are questioning this assumption and stepping off the education conveyer belt for a spell before deciding how they want to proceed.

    Colleges are even starting to take notice of this fact. Amazingly, to me, they’ve started providing financial aid for students to first spend a year volunteering overseas or interning with a local company. The gap year is gaining steam, with a nearly 20% increase in students participating between 2006 and 2013. For good reason.

    When you’re 18 you probably don’t know what you want to do with your life, what you want to major in, if college is really the right choice for you, or whether you’re emotionally ready to succeed if it is. So why figure out the answers to those questions while the debt-o-meter is running? A gap year (or two) allows you to mature, learn some life skills, serve others, see the world, and not only avoid debt, but maybe actually make some money. When the gap period is over and you enroll in college, you’ll have a much greater chance of being able to hit the ground running — lowering the possibility of flunking classes, changing majors three times, and taking six years to graduate.

    Or maybe after your gap year you’ll decide that college isn’t the right choice for you after all. What other pathways might you take?

    That is where we’ll turn in the next article in this series when we explore the alternatives to the 4-year college.

    What were some of the pros and cons of your own college experience? 

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    Pros and Cons of a College Education

    There’s no question that college has become more expensive.  For years, tuition has increased more quickly than cost-of-living expenses; students may find themselves paying thousands of dollars more their last year in college than they signed up for on their first year.  With the increasing financial difficulties involved in earning a degree, it can be tempting to consider foregoing a college degree. 

    The Drawbacks of a College Degree

    There are definitely some reasons why going to college is problematic. These reasons may be deal breakers for some; for others they are simply obstacles to overcome.  If you’re weighing your options, it’s important to take an honest look at the drawbacks—no matter what everyone else is telling you.

    Four years out of the workforce

    The four years you spend at a traditional campus are four years where you won’t be earning money.  You get started late compared to your high school graduate peers.  The delay to full-time work can be costly. 

    If you need to work full-time to support yourself while attending school, an online college may be a better option for you than a traditional college.  With the flexible schedule of virtual learning, it’s much easier to work full-time while you take classes at an online college.

    Student debt

    Many students graduate with many thousands of dollars in variable-rate loans from private lenders.  High student loan payments can prevent you from following your goals; if an entry-level position in your chosen career doesn’t pay enough to cover your student loans as well as your living expenses, you may have to give up or postpone pursuing your dreams.  For some, the freedom of living debt-free is worth the limitations of having no college degree.

    An online education may help you reduce student debt.  Although online degrees don’t always cost less, it’s easier to work while earning an online degree.  With virtual learning, you may be able to make payments toward your tuition while you’re still in school.

    Your major may not be your career

    You may love eighteenth-century French literature, but it’s tough to make a career in that field.  The truth is that your major may not prepare you for the career you eventually choose.  College is more focused on learning for its own sake than preparing you for a specific career.  Academics in the past have claimed that education for its own sake is more important than training for the workforce, but as college costs rise, it grows more difficult to defend that position.

    Why You Should Get Your Degree Anyway

    College may be getting more expensive, but most studies indicate it still does pay off. There are some compelling reasons why it’s not a good idea to skip the degree, despite rising costs.

    Higher earnings 

    A degree may cost a lot, but it gives you access to higher-paying jobs when you graduate. The College Board states that college graduates make $20,000 more each year on average than high school graduates. Over a lifetime, it is estimated that a college graduate will earn 1 million dollars more than a non-college graduate.

    More options

    Most higher education programs, such as those for law, medicine, and education, won’t let you start without a college degree. Many business, professional, government, and white-collar jobs won’t accept resumes from applicants who didn’t go to college—no matter how qualified they are.  Without a college degree, you may be held back from advancement in your company simply because you don’t fit the education requirements for the position.  If you don’t like that policy and try to find another job, you’ll have more difficulty getting hired without a college degree.

    An edge in the job market

    One of the reasons high school grads have such difficulty in the job market is that they’re competing with a rising number of college graduates. A college degree ensures you’re competitive against others at your experience level.

    With the costs of college rising and funding for students shrinking, it’s becoming more costly to get an education.  But most sources will tell you that the benefits still outweigh the costs.  Online education is becoming more and more accepted as an alternative to traditional college, and many adult students find that online degree programs are more practical for them.  If you’re thinking about whether or not to go to college, consider your options carefully—your choice will have a strong effect on the rest of your life.

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      st cuthberts high school newcastle term dates


      St Cuthberts Catholic High School

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        Year 6 Open Evening – Thursday 21st September 6:15pm

        All are welcome to our Year 6 Open Night on Thursday 21st September …

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      GCSE Results 2017

      St Cuthbert’s Catholic High School has maintained its position gaining a …

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      A-level/BTEC Results 2017

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      PURCHASE OF SCHOOL UNIFORM FOR THE NEW SCHOOL YEAR 2017 – 2018 Our …

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      Year 6 Open Evening – Thursday 21st September 6:15pm

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      GCSE Results 2017

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      A-level/BTEC Results 2017

      St Cuthbert’s Catholic High School – A level/BTEC results St Cuthbert’s …

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      Purchase of School Uniform

      PURCHASE OF SCHOOL UNIFORM FOR THE NEW SCHOOL YEAR 2017 – 2018 Our …

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      Our Open Evening will be held on Thursday 21st September 2017, commencing …

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      St. Cuthbert’s Catholic High School is an outstanding all boys non selective school located in Newcastle upon Tyne in the North East of England. ‘Work hard and become a leader’ (Proverbs 12 verse 24) is our mantra and since 1881 we have been empowering young men to take their place in society.

      The school prides itself on encouraging boys to aspire to excellence and leadership in everything they do. A challenging curriculum sits alongside stimulating and enriching extra curricular activities. Our students are curious, confident, conscientious and successful communicators.

      The school ranks amongst the highest attaining state schools in the country with a reputation for outstanding results. 

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      Harry Potter Visit

      18th July 2018

      Harry Potter Visit

      ​Year 9 Computer Science students visited Harry Potter Studios and Alton Towers last week. As well as enjoying everything on offer, the trip gave them an insight into how Computer Science is used in film, entertainment and in theme parks.

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      18th July 2018

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      ​Geography club students visited Sky Academy Studios in Livingstone, comments were made on how fantastic and professional the boys were. During the visit they created a video on environmental awareness and how reducing how much plastic we use can positively affect the oceans.

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      Lakeshore Middle School


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      244 Lakeshore School Dr, Mooresville, NC 28117

      Iredell-Statesville School District
      (704) 799-0187

      School website

      Contact info

      Grades
      6-8
      Students
      514
      Type
      Public

      See contact info and more


      7/10
      GreatSchools Summary Rating
      GreatSchools is a national nonprofit organization. Our new Summary Rating provides a multi-measured reflection of school quality based on the ratings components you see here.
      Learn more about GreatSchools Ratings.

      Rating components
      Weight
      Rating/flag
      Test Scores


      45%

      8/10
      The GreatSchools Test Score Rating reflects annual state test results for this school compared with scores statewide.

      Student Progress


      28%

      9/10
      The GreatSchools Student Progress Rating compares the academic progress over time for this school to all schools in the state, using student growth data provided by the state Department of Education.

      Equity Overview


      27%

      4/10
      The Equity Overview Rating looks at how well this school is serving the needs of its disadvantaged students relative to all its students, compared to other schools in the state, based on test scores provided from the state Department of Education.

      Last updated: Aug 03, 2018

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      Grades
      6-8

      Students
      514

      Type
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      Parent tips

      Even high-performing schools can have disparities between student groups. To understand how well this school … More serves all its students, review the information below in the Equity section . Understand what on-track learning looks like for your child and how you can help at home.


      Subject
      % Proficient

      North Carolina End-of-Grade Tests
      Reading
      67%

      State avg: 58%

      Details


      Grade 6
      74%

      State avg: 61%


      Grade 7
      67%

      State avg: 58%


      Grade 8
      62%

      State avg: 54%

      Math
      56%

      State avg: 55%

      Details


      Grade 6
      54%

      State avg: 53%


      Grade 7
      55%

      State avg: 50%


      Grade 8
      59%

      State avg: 46%

      Science
      80%

      State avg: 73%

      Details


      Grade 8
      80%

      State avg: 76%

      North Carolina End-of-Course Tests
      Math
      >95%

      State avg: 64%

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      9/10

      Student progress

      This rating measures how much students at this school improved from one year to the next, compared to students with similar proficiency levels at other schools in the state.


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      Good news!

      Students at this school are making far more academic progress given where they were last year, compared to similar students in the state.

      High progress with high test scores means students have strong academic skills and the school is a doing an excellent job at supporting academic growth compared to most other schools.


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      Ask the school how it interprets this rating and what you can do to support the school’s success.

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      Equity

      4/10

      Equity overview

      Is this school offering opportunity for all its students, or leaving some kids behind? Successful schools are working to close the achievement gap .


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      A worrisome sign:

      Disadvantaged students at this school may be falling behind other students in the state, and this school may have significant achievement gaps.


      Parent tip:

      Look at the Race/ethnicity and Low-income sections below to see how different student groups are doing at this school. Are there big gaps? … More Start a conversation with a teacher or a fellow parent about how to interpret this information. What’s the school doing to help all students succeed? How can you help?

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      Environment


      Students

      Studies show that diversity in school leads to long-term benefits for students. Discover why!


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      White
      82%

      Hispanic
      9%

      Black
      4%

      Asian
      2%

      Two or more races
      1%

      American Indian/Alaskan Native
      <1%

      Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
      <1%

      Sources

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      Teachers & staff

      Parents often value small class sizes, but the truth is more complicated .


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      Students per teacher

      17
      :1
      State avg: 15
      :1

      Students per counselor

      170
      :1
      State avg: 246
      :1

      Percentage of teachers with 3 or more years experience

      97%

      State avg: 89%

      % of full time teachers who are certified

      100%

      State avg: 100%

      Average teacher salary

      $41,922
      State avg: $39,098

      Show more Teachers & staff

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      17
      Reviews

      4 out of 5 stars


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      Neighborhood
      244 Lakeshore School Dr

      Mooresville, NC 28117

      Mr Chris Penley
      – Principal

      (704) 799-0187

      (704) 663-6431

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        urusei yatsura episode 3 english dub

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        Lum the Invader Girl. Episode 3, part 2



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        Опубликовано: 27 янв. 2008 г.

        ~Sex God From Space!~

        Part 2

        This is a dub of the Urusei Yatsura anime that the BBC broadcast on BBC Choice (now called BBC 3) as part of a Japan-themed weekend.

        Thanks go to Youtube user LumUrusei for providing me with the video without subtitles for this, thus making these uploads possible. The picture quality of my own videos was terrible.

        Voice cast:

        Lum
        Anna Friel

        Ataru
        Matt Lucas

        Shinobu
        Lauren Laverne

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        Fresh Ideas for Creative Book Reports

        Fresh Ideas for Creative Book Reports

        Tired of the same old book report formats? Do your students grumble every time you mention the words book reports? Spice up those old book reports with some new, creative ideas. Education World presents 25 ideas for you to use or adapt. In addition: Ideas for cyber book reports!

        Are you a teacher who keeps saying “I wish I could find a way to make book reports more fun and interesting for my students”? Education World offers 25 ideas that might help you do just that!

        Make A Book Report Sandwich!

        In a recent posting to the Teachers.net Gazette , one teacher shared an idea that incorporates some of the basic ingredients of a good book report and sandwiches in a lot more fun!

        Her idea: book report sandwiches!

        The teacher commissioned a friend to draw slices of ham, tomato, and Swiss cheese; lettuce leaves; a layer of mayonnaise, and a couple of slices of bread. Then she photocopied the drawings onto appropriately colored sheets of paper — ham on pink, tomato on red, Swiss cheese on yellow, etc. The sheets served as the ingredients for her students’ book report sandwiches.

        • On the top slice of bread, each student wrote the title and the author of the book the student had just finished reading.
        • On the lettuce, the student wrote a brief summary of the book.
        • The student wrote about the main character on the tomato slice.
        • On the mayonnaise, the student described the book’s setting.
        • The student shared the book’s climax on the Swiss cheese.
        • On the ham slice, the student described the plot.
        • On the bottom piece of bread, the student drew a favorite scene from the story.

        Students stapled together their sandwich layers, then slapped their concoctions up on a bulletin board headlined “We’re Hungry for Good Books!”

        The project made fun out of what can be a pretty hum-drum activity. Even better, the bulletin board served as a menu for students who were ravenous for a good read. All they had to do was grab a sandwich to learn whether a particular book might satisfy their appetites!

        Book in a Bag, an Envelope, an Oatmeal Box

        Laura Hayden was looking for something to liven up book report writing for her students at Derby (Kansas) Middle School. One day, while exploring postings to the MiddleWeb Listserv , Hayden found an idea that filled the bill! Hayden challenged her students to be creative with the “Book in a…” idea, which she posted to her school’s Web page.

        After choosing and reading a book, each student selected a book report container. The container could be a plastic bag, a manila envelope, a can, or anything else that might be appropriate for a book. Students decorated their containers to convey some of the major details, elements, or themes found in the books.

        When the containers were complete, students went to work on the contents of their containers. They were instructed to include the following:

        • Questions Write ten questions based on the book. Five of the questions can be about general content, but the other five must require more thinking.
        • Vocabulary Create a ten-word glossary of unfamiliar words from the book.
        • Things Include five things that have a connection to the story.

        The third and final part of the project was the student presentation. Each student presented a “Book in a” project to the class. In the presentation, the student explained the connection of the container to the story, conducted a show and tell about the five things, and then shared information about three of the book’s literary elements — setting, characters, conflicts, climax, or resolution.

        If you’ve been working on other literary elements with your students — foreshadowing, personification, or flashbacks, for example — you might give extra credit to students for pointing out those elements in their books.

        “I’m amazed at students’ creativity in choosing a container and the 3-D objects they place inside,” Hayden told Education World.

        Why not challenge your students’ creativity? Adapt Hayden’s idea to fit your students’ needs and skills.

        23 More Ideas

        Are you worried that some of the ideas that follow will be too much fun? that there will be too little emphasis on writing? Take a look!

        • The ideas appeal to many different learning styles.
        • Many of the ideas involve making choices, organizing information — and writing!
        • Most of the ideas will provide teachers with a clear idea about whether students actually read the book.
        • And all the ideas will engage students, help make books come alive for them, and challenge them to think in different ways about the books they read!

        If an idea doesn’t include enough writing, creative (sneaky!) teachers will usually find a way to work it in use the idea to supplement or replace parts of favorite book report formats.

        Descriptive writing. (Use this activity to supplement a class lesson in descriptive prose writing.) Have each student read aloud the best example of descriptive prose found in the book he or she is currently reading. The student should write a paragraph explaining why the excerpt is a particularly good example of descriptive prose. The paragraph might include some of the adjectives the author used to set the scene.

        Thumbs Up, Thumbs Down. Each student writes a review of the book he or she just finished reading — in the style of a movie review. The student concludes by awarding a thumbs up or thumbs down on the book. This activity could be even more fun if two students read the same book. They could plan a lively interaction, a la and Ebert and Roeper, about the book, which could be videotaped for all to see!

        Character Trait Diagram. Each student creates a Venn diagram to illustrate similarities and differences in the traits of two of the main characters in a book just completed. (A student might elect to create a Venn diagram showing similarities and differences between the book’s main character and the student!)

        Surfing the Net. Where did the story take place? When did it take place? Each student surfs the Net to find five Internet sites that others might check out before they read the book so they will know more about the book’s setting or time period.

        Write a Letter to the Author. After reading a book, each student shares reactions to the book in a letter written to its author. If a student writes to an author who is still alive, you might actually mail the letter.

        Sell It. Each student pretends to be a publicist for the book that’s just been read. The student writes and then delivers a 60-second speech that will persuade other students that they should read the book. Writing and speaking persuasively will be especially difficult if the student didn’t like the book. If that’s the case, the student can share that fact after completing the speech.

        Create a Card Catalog. After reading a book, a student completes an index card with information about the book. The front of the card includes details such as title, author, and date published along with a two- to three-sentence synopsis of the book. On the back of the card, the student writes a paragraph critiquing the book. Students might even rate the book using a teacher-created five-star rating system. Example: A five-star book is “highly recommended; a book you can’t put down.” Completed cards are kept in a card file near the classroom bookshelf or in the school library.

        Interview a Character. Each student composes six to eight questions to ask a main character in a book just completed. The student also writes the character’s response to each question. The questions and answers should provide information that shows the student read the book without giving away the most significant details.

        Ten Facts. Each student creates a “Ten Facts About [book title]” sheet that lists ten facts he or she learned from reading the book. The facts, written in complete sentences, must include details the student didn’t know before reading the book.

        Script It! Each student writes a movie script for a favorite scene in a book just read. At the top of the script, the student can assign real-life TV or movie stars to play each role. The student might also work with classmates to perform the favorite scene.

        Concentration. Each student will need 30 index cards to create a Concentration-style game related to a book just finished. The student chooses 14 things, characters, or events that played a part in the book and creates two cards that have identical pictures of each of those things. The two remaining cards are marked Wild Card! Then the student turns all 30 cards facedown and mixes them up. Each student can choose a partner with whom to play according to the rules of Concentration.

        What Did You Learn? Each student writes a summary of what he or she learned from a book just completed. The summary might include factual information, something learned about people in general, or something the student learned about himself or herself.

        Glossary and Word Search. Each student creates a glossary of ten or more words that are specific to a book’s tone, setting, or characters. The student defines each word and writes a sentence from the book that includes that word. Then the student creates a word search puzzle that includes the glossary words. Students can exchange their glossaries and word searches with others in the class.

        In the News. Each student creates the front page of a newspaper that tells about events and characters in a book just read. The newspaper page might include weather reports, an editorial or editorial cartoon, ads, etc. The title of the newspaper should be something appropriate to the book.

        Create a Comic Book. Each student can turn a book, or part of it, into a comic book, complete with comic-style illustrations and dialogue bubbles.

        Characters Come to Life. Each student creates life-size “portraits” of one of the characters from a book just read. The portrait should include a written piece that tells about the character. The piece might also include information about events, traits, or conflicts in the book that involve that character. Hang the students’ portraits in a class gallery.

        Prove It in Five Minutes. Each student gives a 150-second (2-minute) oral presentation in which he or she shares information about a book’s plot and characters. The student closes the presentation by offering an opinion and recommendation about the book. Then students in the audience have 150 seconds to question the presenter about the book. If the presenter is able to prove in five minutes that he or she read the book, the student is excused from filing a written report about it.

        Picture Books. After reading a book, each student creates a picture book version of the story that would appeal to younger students. The students can then share the picture books with a group of young students.

        Resume Writing. As a tie-in to your career education program, challenge each student to create a resume for a book character. The student should include in the resume a statement of the applicant’s goals and a detailed account of his or her experience and outside interests.

        Character Trait Chart. Each student creates a chart with three columns. Each column is headed with the name of one of the book’s characters. As the student reads the book, he or she can keep a record of the traits each character possesses and include an incident that supports each trait.

        Theme Report. Challenge each student to select a concept or a thing from the book just finished and to use library or Internet resources to explore it further. The student then writes a two-page report that shares information about the topic.

        Setting. To learn more about the setting of a book, each student writes a one-page report explaining how that setting was important to the story.

        “Dear Diary.” Invite each student to create a diary or journal and write at least five entries that might have been written by a character in a book just read. The entries should share details about the story that will prove the student read the book.

        Steps to Literacy

        Looking for books that will capture your students’ interests and stimulate their curiosity? You can find curated collections of high-interest fiction and non-fiction texts at Steps to Literacy .

        Steps to Literacy offers inclusive and differentiated collections of age and developmentally appropriate books and resources that engage students and foster a love for reading within each of them.

        Learn more about building your own customized classroom library.

        Article by Gary Hopkins
        Education World® Editor in Chief
        Copyright © 2009 Education World

        Last updated: 11/22/2016

         
         
         
         
         

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        icebreakerIcebreakers Volume 5: All-About-You Activities for the First Days of School

         

        One of Education World’s most popular features returns this year with 19 new getting-to-know-you icebreakers for the first days of school!

        It’s time to make a fresh start. You’ve done some summer reading on classroom management, and you’re eager to try out some new ideas. You’ve learned from past mistakes, and you look forward this year to avoiding those mistakes. Most fun of all, the opening days of school are an opportunity to get to know a whole new group of kids!

        What will you do during those first few days of school? What activities might you do to help you get to know your new students? What activities will help students get to know you and one another?

        For the last three years, Education World has presented a new group of getting-to-know-you ideas — or icebreakers — for those first days of school. Here are 19 ideas — ideas tried and tested by Education World readers — to help develop classroom camaraderie during the opening days of school.

        Opening-Day Letter

        Still looking for more ideas? Don’t forget our archive of more than 150 icebreaker activities.

        Write a letter to your students. In that letter, introduce yourself to students. Tell them about your hopes for the new school year and some of the fun things you’ll be doing in class. In addition, tell students a few personal things about yourself; for example, your likes and dislikes, what you did over the summer, and your hobbies. Ask questions throughout the letter. You might ask what students like most about school, what they did during the summer, what their goals for the new school year are, or what they are really good at. In your letter, be sure to model the correct parts of a friendly letter! On the first day of school, display your letter on an overhead projector. Then pass each student a sheet of nice stationery. Have the students write return letters to you. In this letter, they will need to answer some of your questions and tell you about themselves. This is a great way to get to know each other in a personal way! Variation: Mail the letter to students before school starts, and enclose a sheet of stationery for kids to write you back.
              Meg Basker, Harrison Elementary School, South Bend, Indiana

        Stringing Conversation Together
        Cut string or yarn into pieces of different lengths. Each piece should have a matching piece of the same length. There should be enough pieces so that each student will have one. Then give each student one piece of string, and challenge each student to find the other student who has a string of the same length. After students find their matches, they can take turns introducing themselves to one another. You can provide a list of questions to help students “break the ice,” or students can come up with their own. You might extend the activity by having each student introduce his or her partner to the class.
              Stacy Moore, Garrison Mill Elementary School, Marietta, Georgia

        Animal Groups
        On the first day of school, gather all the students from a grade level in a large common area. Give each student a slip of paper with the name of an animal on it. Then give students instructions for the activity: They must locate the other members of their animal group by imitating that animal’s sound only. No talking is allowed. The students might hesitate initially, but that hesitation soon gives way to a cacophony of sound as the kids moo, snort, and giggle their way into groups. The end result is that students have found their way into their homerooms or advisory groups for the school year, and the initial barriers to good teamwork have already been broken.
              Donna Morgan, Avery Middle School, Newland, North Carolina

        A Tangled Web
        Gather students in a circle sitting around you on the floor. Hold a large ball of yarn. Start by telling the students something about yourself. Then roll the ball of yarn to a student without letting go of the end of the yarn. The student who gets the ball of yarn tells his or her name and something good about himself or herself. Then the student rolls the yarn to somebody else, holding on to the strand of yarn. Soon students have created a giant web. After everyone has spoken, you and all the students stand up, continuing to hold the yarn. Start a discussion of how this activity relates to the idea of teamwork — for example, the students need to work together and not let others down. To drive home your point about teamwork, have one student drop his or her strand of yarn; that will demonstrate to students how the web weakens if the class isn’t working together.
              Amy Henning, W. C. Petty School, Antioch, Illinois

        Student Dictionary
        Write five questions on the board. Questions might include the following:

        What is your name?
        Where were you born?
        How many brothers or sisters do you have?
        What are their names?
        Do you have any pets?
        Tell students to write those questions on a piece of paper and to add to that paper five more questions they could ask someone they don’t know. Pair students, and have each student interview his or her partner and record the responses. Then have each student use the interview responses to write a “dictionary definition” of his or her partner to include in a Student Dictionary. You might model this activity by creating a sample dictionary definition about yourself. For example:

         

        Reynolds, Kim. proper noun. 1. Born in Riverside, California. 2. No brothers or sisters.

        Have students bring in small pictures of themselves to paste next to their entries in the Student Dictionary. Bind the definitions into a book, and display it at back-to-school night.
              Kim Reynolds, Warwick Elementary School, Fremont, California

        Classmate Scavenger Hunt
        Provide each student with two index cards. Ask each student to write a brief description of his or her physical characteristics on one index card and his or her name on the other. Physical characteristics usually do not include clothing, but if you teach the primary grades, you might allow students to include clothing in their descriptions. Put all the physical characteristic index cards in a shoe box, mix them up, and distribute one card to each student, making sure that no student gets his or her own card. Give students ten minutes to search for the person who fits the description on the card they hold. There is no talking during this activity, but students can walk around the room. At the end of the activity, tell students to write on the card the name of the student who best matches the description. Then have students share their results. How many students guessed correctly?
              Patricia McHugh, John W. Raper Elementary School, Cleveland, Ohio

        Cooperative Musical Chairs
        This activity is a takeoff on the familiar musical chairs game. Set up a circle of chairs with one less chair than the number of students in the class. Play music as the students circle around the chairs. When the music stops, the students must sit in a seat. Unlike the traditional game, the person without a seat is not out. Instead, someone must make room for that person. Then remove another seat and start the music again. The kids end up on one another’s laps and sharing chairs! You can play this game outside, and you can end it whenever you wish. Afterward, stress the teamwork and cooperation the game took, and how students needed to accept one another to be successful. Reinforce that idea by repeating this game throughout the year.
              Danielle Weston, Willard School, Sanford, Maine

        Hands-On Activity
        Have students begin this activity by listing at least 25 words that describe them and the things they like. No sentences allowed, just words! Then ask each student to use a dark pen to trace the pattern of his or her hand with the fingers spread apart. Provide another sheet of paper that the student can place on top of the tracing. Because the tracing was done with a dark pen, the outline should be visible on the sheet below. Direct students to use the outlines as guides and to write their words around it. Provide students a variety of different colored pencils or markers to use as they write. Then invite students to share their work with the class. They might cut out the hand outlines and mount them on construction paper so you can display the hands for open house. Challenge each parent to identify his or her child’s hand.
              Veronica Coker, Lanesville Elementary School, Lanesville, Indiana

        Chain Gang
        Begin by asking students “Who can do something really well?” After a brief discussion about some of the students’ talents, pass out paper and ask students to write down five things they do well. Then provide each student with five different-colored paper strips. Have each student write a different talent on separate paper strips, then create a mini paper chain with the strips by linking the five talents together. As students complete their mini chains, use extra strips of paper to link the mini chains together to create one long class chain. Have students stand and hold the growing chain as you link the pieces together. Once the entire chain is constructed and linked, lead a discussion about what the chain demonstrates — for example, all the students have talents; all the students have things they do well; together, the students have many talents; if they work together, classmates can accomplish anything; the class is stronger when students work together than when individual students work on their own. Hang the chain in the room as a constant reminder to students of the talents they possess and the benefits of teamwork.
              Kimberlee Woodward, substitute teacher, Waterford, Michigan

        Silhouette Collage
        Stock up on old magazines. Your school librarian might have a discard pile you can draw from. Invite students to search through the magazines for pictures, words, or anything else that might be used to describe them. Then use an overhead projector or another source of bright light to create a silhouette of each student’s profile; have each student sit in front of the light source as you or another student traces the outline of the silhouette on a sheet of 11- by 17-inch paper taped to the wall. Have students cut out their silhouettes, then fill them with a collage of pictures and words that express their identity. Then give each student an opportunity to share his or her silhouette with the group and talk about why he or she chose some of the elements in the collage. Post the silhouettes to create a sense of “our homeroom.”
              Kathy Juarez, Piner High School, Santa Rosa, California

        Headlines
        As part of the normal first-day routine, many teachers have each student fill out a card with such information as name, address, phone number, parents’ names and work numbers, and so on. You can use such cards to gather other information too, such as school schedule, why the student signed up for the class, whether the student has a part-time job, and whether he or she has access to the Internet at home. As a final bit of information, ask the student to write a headline that best describes him or her! This headline might be a quote, a familiar expression, or anything else. When students finish filling out the cards, give a little quiz. Ask students to number a sheet of paper from 1 to __, depending on how many students are in the class. Then read aloud the headlines one at a time. Ask students to write the name of the person they think each headline best describes. Who got the highest score?

        Bonus! It seems as if parents are contacted only if there is a problem with students. At the end of each grading period, use the home address information to send a postcard to a handful of parents to inform them about how well their child is doing. This might take a little time, but it is greatly appreciated!
              Dawn Walters, White House High School, White House, Tennessee

        More Quick Getting-To-Know-You Activities

        Following are a few more activity ideas that were sent our way:

        Pop Quiz
        Ahead of time, write a series of getting-to-know-you questions on slips of paper — one question to a slip. You can repeat some of the questions. Then fold up the slips, and tuck each slip inside a different balloon. Blow up the balloons. Give each student a balloon, and let students take turns popping their balloons and answering the questions inside.
              Contributor Unknown

        Fact or Fib?
        This is a good activity for determining your students’ note-taking abilities. Tell students that you are going to share some information about yourself. They’ll learn about some of your background, hobbies, and interests from the 60-second oral “biography” that you will present. Suggest that students take notes; as you speak, they should record what they think are the most important facts you share. When you finish your presentation, tell students that you are going to tell five things about yourself. Four of your statements should tell things that are true and that were part of your presentation; one of the five statements is a total fib. This activity is most fun if some of the true facts are some of the most surprising things about you and if the “fib” sounds like something that could very well be true. Tell students they may refer to their notes to tell which statement is the fib. Next, invite each student to create a biography and a list of five statements — four facts and one fib — about himself or herself. Then provide each student a chance to present the 60-second oral biography and to test the others’ note-taking abilities by presenting his or her own “fact or fib quiz.” You can have students do this part of the activity in small groups.
              Mitzi Geffen

        Circular Fact or Fib?
        Here’s a variation on the previous activity: Organize students into two groups of equal size. One group forms a circle equally spaced around the perimeter of the classroom. There will be quite a bit of space between students. The other group of students forms a circle inside the first circle; each student faces one of the students in the first group. Give the facing pairs of students two minutes to share their 60-second oral “biographies.” While each student is talking, the partner takes notes. After each pair completes the activity, the students on the inside circle move clockwise to face the next student in the outer circle. Students in the outer circle remain stationary throughout the activity. When all students have had an opportunity to share their biographies with one another, ask students to take turns each sharing facts and fibs with the class. The other students refer to their notes or try to recall which fact is really a fib.
              Contributor Unknown

        People Poems
        Have each child use the letters in his or her name to create an acrostic poem. For example, Bill could write

        Big
        Intelligent
        Laughing
        Loving.

        Tell students they must include words that tell something about themselves — for example, something they like to do or a personality or physical trait. Invite students to share their poems with the class. This activity is a fun one that enables you to learn how your students view themselves. Allow older students to use a dictionary or thesaurus. You might also vary the number of words for each letter, according to the students’ grade levels.
              Bill Laubenberg

        Another Poetic Introduction.
        Ask students to use the form below to create poems that describe them.

        Name ______________________
        Title (of poem)_______________
        I will never _______________,
        I will never ________________,
        and I will never ______________.
        I will always ______________.

        This activity lends itself to being done at the beginning of the school year and again at the end of the year. You and your students will have fun comparing their responses and seeing how the students and the responses have changed.
              Contributor Unknown

        Food for Thought
        To get to know students and to help them get to know one another, have each student state his or her name and a favorite food that begins with the same first letter as the name. For example: “Hi, my name is Latrece, and I like liver.” As each student introduces himself or herself, he or she must repeat the names and favorite foods of the students who came before. Watch out — it gets tricky for the last person who has to recite all the names and foods!
              Latrece Hughes

        I Am NOT!
        Here’s a challenging activity that might help high school teachers learn about students’ abilities to think critically. Send students into the school hallways or schoolyard, and ask each to find something that “is completely the opposite of yourself.” Option: To widen the area to be explored, provide this activity as homework on the first night of school. When students bring their items back to class, ask each to describe why the item is not like him or her. You’ll get a lot of flowers, of course, and students will describe how those flowers are fragrant or soft or otherwise unlike themselves. But you might also get some clever responses, such as the one from a young man who brought in the flip-top from a discarded can; he talked about its decaying outward appearance and its inability to serve a purpose without being manipulated by some other force (and how he was able to serve a purpose on his own).
              Joy Ross

        Personal Boxes
        In this activity, each student selects a container of a reasonable size that represents some aspect of his or her personality or personal interests, such as a football helmet or a saucepan. Ask students to fill that object with other items that represent themselves — for example, family photos, CDs, dirty socks, a ballet shoe — and bring their containers back to school. Students can use the objects in the containers as props for three-minute presentations about themselves. The teacher who provided this idea suggests that you model the activity and encourage creativity by going first — it’s important for students to see you as human too! She included in her container a wooden spoon because she loves to cook, a jar of dirt because she loves to garden, her son’s first cowboy boot, a poem she wrote, a rock from Italy because she loves to travel, and so on. You’ll learn much about each student with this activity, and it will create a bond among students. As each student gives a presentation, you might write a brief thank-you note that mentions something specific about the presentation so that each student can take home a special note to share with parents. It might take a few days to give every student the opportunity to share.
              Valerie Braun

        More Classroom Icebreaker Activities

        Volume 1: Tell Me About You Activities
        Volume 7: Getting to Know One Another
        Volume 2: 14 Activities for the First Days of School
        Volume 8: Who’s in the Classroom?
        Volume 3: Engaging Activities for the First Days of School
        Volume 9: My Classmates and Me
        Volume 4: Activities for the First Day of School
        Volume 10: Back-to-School Activities
        Volume 5: All-About-You Activities for the First Days of School
        Volume 11: More Fresh Ideas for Opening Day
        Volume 6: Get to Know Your Classmates Activities
        Volume 12: Excellent Activities for Getting Students Warmed Up
         

         

        Education World®
        Copyright © 2011, 2017 Education World

        Last updated on 07/17/2017

        Icebreakers Volume 5: Getting To Know You Activities | Ice Breakers | First Day of School Activities

         
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        Use Every-Day Edits to build language skills, test scores, and cultural literacy. Be sure to see our tips for using Every-Day Edits in your classroom.
        Anne FrankColumbus Sets SailI Love Lucy “I Have a Dream” SpeechEderle Swims English ChannelHiroshima BombingVoting Rights Act of 1965First Picture from SpacePresident Nixon ResignsElvis PresleyOgden Nash’s Humorous VerseHawaii, America’s 50th StateWomen Get to VoteMother TeresaFirst White House BabyEastern Earthquake
         
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        DIY Summer Professional Development

        During the school year, teachers are master balancers. In addition to the daily diet of rigorous academic content and classroom management, colorful sticky notes and intricate calendars remind us of pending tasks. Conferences next week! Make parent phone calls! Prep for Friday PLC! With all the hubbub, it can be overwhelming to tackle a large project or learn a new skill.

        Fortunately, summer offers a slightly slower pace that’s perfect for tackling serious professional development. Conferences and seminars give you access to experts but they’re not your only option. If you’re looking for a more customized plan, here are a few ideas to get you started on your own DIY summer professional development.

        Tap Into Local Resources

        Students love when we make lessons come alive with a tactile artifact or a perfectly timed field trip. Take time this summer to connect with local resources that can expand your lessons beyond the textbook. Start by making a quick list of local museums, aquariums, or zoos you want to visit and what collections might connect with your academic goals. Most institutions have an educational coordinator who can help you brainstorm the best way to access museum resources, direct you to field trip grants, or discuss increasingly popular “backwards field trips”. Even if you can’t fit a field trip into your curriculum, museum visits may yield helpful access to primary source documents.

        Think beyond admission-charging institutions. Universities and historical societies often have impressive artifact collections and archives available to the public. Businesses and camps are another out-of-the-box option. Maybe a local yoga studio has resources on building kids’ social emotional skills. When 5th graders at my school studied ecosystems, we followed up with a trip to a local camp to see their functioning aquaponics system. Your community is full of educational gems so use the summer to uncover which ones work for you.

        Improve Your Tech IQ

        Summer professional development is a perfect time to experiment with new technology. If you’re already tech savvy, challenge yourself to grab an Echo Pen to prep for recording mini-lessons or set up a green screen to practice for the live history broadcasts you’ve been wanting to work into your social studies curriculum. If you don’t have any new tech tool in mind, check out a compilation list of new Education World’s coding class.

        Improving your tech IQ doesn’t mean you have to choose cutting edge tools. Summer PD is about working on skills new to you. Choose technology challenge that fits your needs. If you’ve been itching to move homework assignments to Google Classroom, get going! If you keep hearing about engaging classroom websites, start thinking about how you might use one. Whatever technology you decide to focus on, savor the extra time you have to master the basic functions and plan how to implement it in your classroom.

        Harness the Web

        The internet offers a wealth of free resources for teachers but it usually takes some time to determine which ones will work for your summer development plan. First, figure out what format you’re interested in. If you want the weight of a book in your hand, use the web to find curated reading suggestions for teachers. You can plan a trip to your local library based on teacher book lists on everything from classroom differentiation to learning innovation. If audio is more your beat, download a podcast app and learn from teachers, psychologists, and other school-based professionals. I like the Harvard EdCast for up-to-date interviews with education experts and authors. For conversation and connection, participate in Twitter ed chats. Many professional organizations host and publicize their own or you can use this spreadsheet to find one that works for you.

        Make It Your Own

        Whatever combination of reading, visiting, or Tweeting you decide upon, make it your own. Part of being a teacher leader is prioritizing growth. This summer, design a professional development plan that’s perfect for your needs.

         

        Written by Marissa King

        Marissa teaches 5th grade at Tulsa Public Schools where she spills tea and misuses the coolest slang. She is also a Yale National Fellow.

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        sql the data types text and varchar are incompatible in the add operator


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        • [RESOLVED] The data types text and varchar are incompatible in the equal to operator.

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        Thread: [RESOLVED] The data types text and varchar are incompatible in the equal to operator.

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        1. Dec 4th, 2010, 04:21 PM


          #1

          H3x0S

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          Resolved [RESOLVED] The data types text and varchar are incompatible in the equal to operator.

          Here is the code:

          Code:
           Dim intusercount As Integer = 0 Using connection As New SqlConnection("Data Source=.\SQLEXPRESS;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\Database.mdf;Integrated Security=True;User Instance=True") Using command As New SqlCommand("SELECT [ID] FROM [Members] WHERE [Username][email protected] AND [Password][email protected]", connection) command.Parameters.Add("@Username", Data.SqlDbType.VarChar).Value = TextBox1.Text command.Parameters.Add("@Password", Data.SqlDbType.VarChar).Value = TextBox2.Text connection.Open() intusercount = command.ExecuteScalar connection.Close() If intusercount > 0 Then MsgBox("Good") Else MsgBox("Bad") End If End Using End Using

          Error:

          The data types text and varchar are incompatible in the equal to operator.

          Source Error:

          Line 11: command.Parameters.Add("@Password", Data.SqlDbType.VarChar).Value = TextBox2.Text
          Line 12: connection.Open()
          Line 13: intusercount = command.ExecuteScalar

          Line 14: connection.Close()
          Line 15: If intusercount > 0 Then

          Stack:

          Code:
          [SqlException (0x80131904): The data types text and varchar are incompatible in the equal to operator.] System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection) +2030802 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlInternalConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection) +5009584 System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.ThrowExceptionAndWarning() +234 System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.Run(RunBehavior runBehavior, SqlCommand cmdHandler, SqlDataReader dataStream, BulkCopySimpleResultSet bulkCopyHandler, TdsParserStateObject stateObj) +2275 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDataReader.ConsumeMetaData() +33 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDataReader.get_MetaData() +86 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.FinishExecuteReader(SqlDataReader ds, RunBehavior runBehavior, String resetOptionsString) +311 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReaderTds(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, Boolean async) +987 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReader(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, String method, DbAsyncResult result) +162 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReader(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, String method) +32 System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.ExecuteScalar() +139 _Default.Button1_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) in C:\Users\User\Documents\Visual Studio 2010\WebSites\WebSite13\Default.aspx.vb:13 System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button.OnClick(EventArgs e) +118 System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button.RaisePostBackEvent(String eventArgument) +112 System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button.System.Web.UI.IPostBackEventHandler.RaisePostBackEvent(String eventArgument) +10 System.Web.UI.Page.RaisePostBackEvent(IPostBackEventHandler sourceControl, String eventArgument) +13 System.Web.UI.Page.RaisePostBackEvent(NameValueCollection postData) +36 System.Web.UI.Page.ProcessRequestMain(Boolean includeStagesBeforeAsyncPoint, Boolean includeStagesAfterAsyncPoint) +5563

          Database:


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        2. Dec 4th, 2010, 11:33 PM


          #2

          CVMichael

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          Re: The data types text and varchar are incompatible in the equal to operator.

          Are you sure the connection string is correct ? it looks kinda weird refering the mdf file….

          The only thing that I can think of is to put the size in the parameter also, like this:

          Code:
          command.Parameters.Add("@Username", Data.SqlDbType.VarChar, 50).Value = TextBox1.Text
          command.Parameters.Add("@Password", Data.SqlDbType.VarChar, 50).Value = TextBox2.Text


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        3. Dec 5th, 2010, 04:42 AM


          #3

          gep13

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          Re: The data types text and varchar are incompatible in the equal to operator.

          H3xOS,

          Please DON’T post the same question in multiple threads. This is against the forum rules. You are already asking this question over here:

          http://www.vbforums.com/showthread.p…86#post3922686

          CVMicheal, that is a valid connection string, it is simply attaching a SQL Server Express Edition Database to the local instance of SQL Server Express.

          Gary

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        SQL query which doesn’t work with MS SQL

        #3797


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        rcubetrac opened this Issue
        Jun 1, 2012
        · 19 comments

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        C: Addressbook
        bug

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        @rcubetrac

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        Jun 1, 2012





        Reported by konus on 1 Jun 2012 11:43 UTC as Trac ticket #1488505

        I have the follwing enviroment:

        • Windows Server 2008 R2 with IIS 7.5
        • PHP 5.3.13
        • “Microsoft SQL Driver v2.0 for PHP v5.2 in IIS” (installed via Microsoft Web Plattform installer)
        • My connection string is: $rcmail_config[= ‘sqlsrv://sa:[email protected]\instance/database’;
        • hMailServer

        After opening the addressbook, I get the following error in \logs\error

        [31-May-2012 13:25:46 UTC]('db_dsnw']) MDB2 Error: unknown error (-1): _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error)
        [executed query: SELECT TOP 40 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 ORDER BY (c.surname + c.firstname + c.name + c.email) ASC](Last)
        [code: 402](Native)
        [message: SQLState: 42000
        Error Code: 402
        Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Die Datentypen varchar und text sind im add-Operator inkompatibel.

        The translation of the german error is:
        the data types text and varchar are incompatible in the boolean AND operator

        A quick google search shows that this is a common problem with MSSQL-DB, but I am not capable of solve this by myself.

        I also tested 0.7.2 with the same result.

        Migrated-From: http://trac.roundcube.net/ticket/1488505

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        Jun 1, 2012

        Comment by konus on 1 Jun 2012 12:18 UTC

        Link to forum thread http://www.roundcubeforum.net/index.php?topic=9750




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        Jun 1, 2012





        Comment by konus on 1 Jun 2012 12:18 UTC

        Link to forum thread http://www.roundcubeforum.net/index.php?topic=9750

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        Jun 1, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 1 Jun 2012 20:22 UTC

        There’s CONCAT() function in SQL Server 2012 which is free of this add-operator incompat. issue. It’s not a solution for as. Another possibilities would be to use CAST/CONVERT or change column(s) type. I’m not sure which would be the best.




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        Comment by @alecpl on 1 Jun 2012 20:22 UTC

        There’s CONCAT() function in SQL Server 2012 which is free of this add-operator incompat. issue. It’s not a solution for as. Another possibilities would be to use CAST/CONVERT or change column(s) type. I’m not sure which would be the best.

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        Jun 1, 2012

        Milestone changed by @alecpl on 1 Jun 2012 20:22 UTC

        later => 0.8-stable




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        Milestone changed by @alecpl on 1 Jun 2012 20:22 UTC

        later => 0.8-stable

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        Jun 1, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 1 Jun 2012 20:43 UTC

        Check this patch:

        --- a/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        +++ b/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        @@ -648,6 +648,9 @@ class rcube_mdb2 case 'mssql': case 'sqlsrv': $delim = ' + ';
        + foreach ($args as $idx => $arg)
        + $args[$idx] = "CAST($arg AS text)";
        + break; default: $delim = ' || ';




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        Comment by @alecpl on 1 Jun 2012 20:43 UTC

        Check this patch:

        --- a/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        +++ b/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        @@ -648,6 +648,9 @@ class rcube_mdb2 case 'mssql': case 'sqlsrv': $delim = ' + ';
        + foreach ($args as $idx => $arg)
        + $args[$idx] = "CAST($arg AS text)";
        + break; default: $delim = ' || ';

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Comment by konus on 4 Jun 2012 07:15 UTC

        I tried to apply the patch to 0.7.2 and got a slightly different error now:

        Translation of the german error: Operand data type text is invalid for add operator

        [07:04:26 UTC](04-Jun-2012) MDB2 Error: unknown error (-1): _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error)
        [executed query: SELECT TOP 40 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS text) + CAST(c.firstname AS text) + CAST(c.name AS text) + CAST(c.email AS text)) ASC](Last)
        [code: 8117](Native)
        [message: SQLState: 42000
        Error Code: 8117
        Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Der Operanddatentyp text ist fr den add-Operator ungltig.
        ]
        [10:04:26 +0300](04-Jun-2012): DB Error: MDB2 Error: unknown error Query: _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error) [executed query: SELECT TOP 40 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS text) + CAST(c.firstname AS text) + CAST(c.name AS text) + CAST(c.email AS text)) ASC](Last) [code: 8117](Native) [message: SQLState: 42000 Error Code: 8117 Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Der Operanddatentyp text ist fr den add-Operator ungltig. ] in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\roundcube\program\include\rcube_mdb2.php on line 722 (GET /?_task=addressbook&_action=list&_source=0&_remote=1&_unlock=loading1338793466183&_=1338793466184)




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        Comment by konus on 4 Jun 2012 07:15 UTC

        I tried to apply the patch to 0.7.2 and got a slightly different error now:

        Translation of the german error: Operand data type text is invalid for add operator

        [07:04:26 UTC](04-Jun-2012) MDB2 Error: unknown error (-1): _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error)
        [executed query: SELECT TOP 40 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS text) + CAST(c.firstname AS text) + CAST(c.name AS text) + CAST(c.email AS text)) ASC](Last)
        [code: 8117](Native)
        [message: SQLState: 42000
        Error Code: 8117
        Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Der Operanddatentyp text ist fr den add-Operator ungltig.
        ]
        [10:04:26 +0300](04-Jun-2012): DB Error: MDB2 Error: unknown error Query: _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error) [executed query: SELECT TOP 40 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS text) + CAST(c.firstname AS text) + CAST(c.name AS text) + CAST(c.email AS text)) ASC](Last) [code: 8117](Native) [message: SQLState: 42000 Error Code: 8117 Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Der Operanddatentyp text ist fr den add-Operator ungltig. ] in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\roundcube\program\include\rcube_mdb2.php on line 722 (GET /?_task=addressbook&_action=list&_source=0&_remote=1&_unlock=loading1338793466183&_=1338793466184)

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 07:26 UTC

        Try to change “CAST($arg AS text)” with “CAST($arg AS varchar)” (or varchar(255)).




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        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 07:26 UTC

        Try to change “CAST($arg AS text)” with “CAST($arg AS varchar)” (or varchar(255)).

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Comment by konus on 4 Jun 2012 07:53 UTC

        At a first glance, it looks like that the problem is solved. Thank you very much!

        I used:

        --- a/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        +++ b/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        @@ -648,6 +648,9 @@ class rcube_mdb2 case 'mssql': case 'sqlsrv': $delim = ' + ';
        + foreach ($args as $idx => $arg)
        + $args[$idx] = "CAST($arg AS varchar)";
        + break; default: $delim = ' || ';




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        Comment by konus on 4 Jun 2012 07:53 UTC

        At a first glance, it looks like that the problem is solved. Thank you very much!

        I used:

        --- a/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        +++ b/program/include/rcube_mdb2.php
        @@ -648,6 +648,9 @@ class rcube_mdb2 case 'mssql': case 'sqlsrv': $delim = ' + ';
        + foreach ($args as $idx => $arg)
        + $args[$idx] = "CAST($arg AS varchar)";
        + break; default: $delim = ' || ';

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 08:13 UTC

        Fixed in 46b6c54 .




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        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 08:13 UTC

        Fixed in 46b6c54 .

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Status changed by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 08:13 UTC

        new => closed




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        Status changed by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 08:13 UTC

        new => closed

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Comment by konus on 4 Jun 2012 10:03 UTC

        I am sorry, but there is at lease one more place, where data-types are not compatible. It happens during auto-complete when typing a mailaddress:

        [08:55:59 UTC](04-Jun-2012) MDB2 Error: unknown error (-1): _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error)
        [executed query: SELECT TOP 15 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 AND (([email](Last) LIKE '%k%' OR [LIKE '%k%') AND [email](name]) <> '') ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS varchar) + CAST(c.firstname AS varchar) + CAST(c.name AS varchar) + CAST(c.email AS varchar)) ASC]
        [code: 402](Native)
        [message: SQLState: 42000
        Error Code: 402
        Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Die Datentypen text und varchar sind im not equal to-Operator inkompatibel.
        ]
        [11:55:59 +0300](04-Jun-2012): DB Error: MDB2 Error: unknown error Query: _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error) [executed query: SELECT TOP 15 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 AND (([email](Last) LIKE '%k%' OR [LIKE '%k%') AND [email](name]) <> '') ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS varchar) + CAST(c.firstname AS varchar) + CAST(c.name AS varchar) + CAST(c.email AS varchar)) ASC] [code: 402](Native) [message: SQLState: 42000 Error Code: 402 Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Die Datentypen text und varchar sind im not e in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\roundcube\program\include\rcube_mdb2.php on line 722 (POST /?_task=mail&_action=autocomplete?_task=&_action=)




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        Comment by konus on 4 Jun 2012 10:03 UTC

        I am sorry, but there is at lease one more place, where data-types are not compatible. It happens during auto-complete when typing a mailaddress:

        [08:55:59 UTC](04-Jun-2012) MDB2 Error: unknown error (-1): _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error)
        [executed query: SELECT TOP 15 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 AND (([email](Last) LIKE '%k%' OR [LIKE '%k%') AND [email](name]) <> '') ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS varchar) + CAST(c.firstname AS varchar) + CAST(c.name AS varchar) + CAST(c.email AS varchar)) ASC]
        [code: 402](Native)
        [message: SQLState: 42000
        Error Code: 402
        Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Die Datentypen text und varchar sind im not equal to-Operator inkompatibel.
        ]
        [11:55:59 +0300](04-Jun-2012): DB Error: MDB2 Error: unknown error Query: _doQuery: [message: Could not execute statement](Error) [executed query: SELECT TOP 15 * FROM contacts AS c WHERE c.del<>1 AND c.user_id=2 AND (([email](Last) LIKE '%k%' OR [LIKE '%k%') AND [email](name]) <> '') ORDER BY (CAST(c.surname AS varchar) + CAST(c.firstname AS varchar) + CAST(c.name AS varchar) + CAST(c.email AS varchar)) ASC] [code: 402](Native) [message: SQLState: 42000 Error Code: 402 Message: [Microsoft](Native)[Server Native Client 11.0](SQL)[Server](SQL)Die Datentypen text und varchar sind im not e in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\roundcube\program\include\rcube_mdb2.php on line 722 (POST /?_task=mail&_action=autocomplete?_task=&_action=)

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Status changed by konus on 4 Jun 2012 10:03 UTC

        closed => reopened




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        Status changed by konus on 4 Jun 2012 10:03 UTC

        closed => reopened

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 10:19 UTC

        I vote for SQL Server support removal. This sucks.




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        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 10:19 UTC

        I vote for SQL Server support removal. This sucks.

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        Jun 4, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 10:25 UTC

        I suppose changing ’email’ column type from text to varchar(8000) would solve both these issues.




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        Comment by @alecpl on 4 Jun 2012 10:25 UTC

        I suppose changing ’email’ column type from text to varchar(8000) would solve both these issues.

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        Jun 6, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 6 Jun 2012 07:51 UTC

        Could you confirm that

        ALTER TABLE [ALTER COLUMN [email](dbo].[contacts]) [varchar] (8000) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI NOT NULL

        solves the issue?




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        Comment by @alecpl on 6 Jun 2012 07:51 UTC

        Could you confirm that

        ALTER TABLE [ALTER COLUMN [email](dbo].[contacts]) [varchar] (8000) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI NOT NULL

        solves the issue?

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        Jun 6, 2012

        Comment by konus on 6 Jun 2012 11:35 UTC

        Sorry beeing a noob. After trying that I got this german error in Microsoft SQl Server Management Studio:

        Meldung 5074, Ebene 16, Status 1, Zeile 1
        Das Objekt-Objekt 'DF_contacts_email' ist vom Spalte-Objekt 'email' abhngig.
        Meldung 4922, Ebene 16, Status 9, Zeile 1
        Fehler bei ALTER TABLE ALTER COLUMN email, da mindestens ein Objekt auf diese Spalte zugreift.

        free translation:

        Msg 5074, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
        The object 'DF_contacts_email' is dependent on column 'email'.
        Msg 4922, Level 16, State 9, Line 1
        ALTER TABLE ALTER COLUMN email failed because one or more objects access this column.

        What can I do about it?




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        Comment by konus on 6 Jun 2012 11:35 UTC

        Sorry beeing a noob. After trying that I got this german error in Microsoft SQl Server Management Studio:

        Meldung 5074, Ebene 16, Status 1, Zeile 1
        Das Objekt-Objekt 'DF_contacts_email' ist vom Spalte-Objekt 'email' abhngig.
        Meldung 4922, Ebene 16, Status 9, Zeile 1
        Fehler bei ALTER TABLE ALTER COLUMN email, da mindestens ein Objekt auf diese Spalte zugreift.

        free translation:

        Msg 5074, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
        The object 'DF_contacts_email' is dependent on column 'email'.
        Msg 4922, Level 16, State 9, Line 1
        ALTER TABLE ALTER COLUMN email failed because one or more objects access this column.

        What can I do about it?

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        Jun 6, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 6 Jun 2012 11:54 UTC

        Try these commands:

        ALTER TABLE [DROP CONSTRAINT [DF_contacts_email](dbo].[contacts])
        ALTER TABLE [ALTER COLUMN [email](dbo].[contacts]) [(8000) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI NOT NULL
        ALTER TABLE [dbo](varchar]).[ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_contacts_email](contacts]) DEFAULT ('') FOR [email]




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        Comment by @alecpl on 6 Jun 2012 11:54 UTC

        Try these commands:

        ALTER TABLE [DROP CONSTRAINT [DF_contacts_email](dbo].[contacts])
        ALTER TABLE [ALTER COLUMN [email](dbo].[contacts]) [(8000) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI NOT NULL
        ALTER TABLE [dbo](varchar]).[ADD CONSTRAINT [DF_contacts_email](contacts]) DEFAULT ('') FOR [email]

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        Jun 6, 2012

        Comment by konus on 6 Jun 2012 12:14 UTC

        Thank you, this worked for me!
        I also can’t reproduce the error during auto-complete anymore, so I think the case is finally solved.




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        Comment by konus on 6 Jun 2012 12:14 UTC

        Thank you, this worked for me!
        I also can’t reproduce the error during auto-complete anymore, so I think the case is finally solved.

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        Jun 8, 2012

        Comment by @alecpl on 8 Jun 2012 11:24 UTC

        Fixed in 6237c94 .




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        Comment by @alecpl on 8 Jun 2012 11:24 UTC

        Fixed in 6237c94 .

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        Jun 8, 2012

        Status changed by @alecpl on 8 Jun 2012 11:24 UTC

        reopened => closed




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        Status changed by @alecpl on 8 Jun 2012 11:24 UTC

        reopened => closed



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        closed this

        Jun 8, 2012



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        bug


        C: Addressbook

        labels

        Mar 20, 2016



        @rcubetrac
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        added this to the 0.8-stable milestone

        Mar 20, 2016


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        sun raha hai na tu aashiqui 2 lyrics english translation

        Pages

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        Sun Raha Hai Na Tu, Ro Raha Hoon Main Lyrics Translation (Aashiqui 2)

        Movie: Aashiqui 2
        Music: Ankit Tiwari
        Lyrics: Sandeep Nath
        Singer: Ankit Tiwari

        Apne karam kee kar ataayein
        Yaaraa, Yaaraa.. yaaraa..

        Bless me with your grace..
        O dear.. O dear.. O love..

        Mujh ko iraade de
        Kasmein de, vaade de
        Meri duaaon ke ishaaron ko sahaare de
        Dil ko thikaaney de
        Naye bahaaney de
        Khwaabon ki baarishon ko
        Mausam ke paimaane de
        Apne karam ki kar ataayein
        Kar de idhar bhi tu nigaahein

        Give me intentions..
        Give me promises, guarantees,
        Support the signs of my prayers..
        Give shelter to the heart..
        Give some new excuses,
        Give the peg of weathers
        to the rains of dreams..
        Bless me with your grace..
        Look this way too..

        Sun rahaa hai naa tu
        Ro rahaa hoon main
        Sun raha hai naa tu
        Kyun ro raha hoon main

        You’re listening, right?
        I am crying here..
        You’re listening to me right..
        Why I am crying here..

        Manzilein ruswa hain
        Khoyaa hai raasta
        Aaye le jaaye
        Itni si iltijaa
        Ye meri zamaanat hai
        Tu meri amaanat hai..
        Haan..

        (my) destinations are not cared for..
        the path is lost..
        (Someone, you actually) comes n takes me away
        only this is my small wish..
        This is my surety,
        you’re mine..

        [ Here, get the meaning of Ruswa ]

        Apne karam ki kar ataayein
        Kar de idhar bhi tu nigaahein
        Sun raha hai naa tu..

        Waqt bhi thehra hai
        Kaise kyoon ye huaa
        Kaash tuu aise aaye
        Jaise koi duaa
        Tu rooh kee raahat hai
        Tu meri ibaadat hai..

        Time is stopped too,
        How and why it happened..
        May you just come
        like some prayer..
        You’re the peace of soul..
        You’re my prayer..

        Apne karam ki kar atayein
        Kar de idhar bhi tu nigahein
        Sun raha hai naa tu..

        Yaaraaa..
        O Love..

        Loved these Lyrics? There are some more suggestions you might like to check.

        • All Lyrics, Translations, Meanings from Aashiqui 2
        • Translating Bollywood Songs: Some experiences
        • Birth of a Song: An interview with Gulzar on some of his best songs [Hindi Text]

        125 comments:

        Anonymous
        said…

        dude you don’t know the meaning of "ruswa"?? it’s not angry or annoyed. it means "badnaam" or "negatively famous" or simply "infamous"

        Anonymous
        said…

        Ruswa means sad..so the translator s almst right

        Shyma Habeeb
        said…

        Ruswa neither means sad nor angry… or badnaam or even annoy. It means destroy… manzilein ruswa he… translates to my goals or destinations or simply dreams… are destroyed….

        Anonymous
        said…

        Yr bhaad meinhae ruswa nd all ……yaar song suno…..wat a song yaar awesome dude….hats off to lyrics….!!!!

        Chandan
        said…

        hey dude…i can bet to anyone Ashique 2 will be the best chartbuster album of 2013….Tu hi ye mujhko bata de and Tum hi ho is my favourite….

        Anonymous
        said…

        Stupid!…"ruswa" means "sad, upset"

        Sana Qazi
        said…

        nice song yar

        Anonymous
        said…

        Ruswa – "khafa hona"

        Anonymous
        said…

        wah wah sahi jawab

        Anonymous
        said…

        Sun raha hai tu bhauat superb song hai.

        Anonymous
        said…

        Wht a song amazing

        Anonymous
        said…

        Really awasome song yaar i listing heartly dude its superb

        Anonymous
        said…

        M high wd this song n translation is absolutely correct…!!! :)) <3

        Anonymous
        said…

        Ruswa hona means Naraz hona ya Khafa hona 🙂

        Anonymous
        said…

        Yes

        Georgy N Joseph
        said…

        Superrrrrrrrrrr

        Anonymous
        said…

        Osm song 😉

        Anonymous
        said…

        A person who heard this sng? Wateva he s? Wheathr he s nt a persn who knwz hindi cn undrstnd the feelng n the meaning of this song clearly! Cz i m an exmple for tat!!!

        Anonymous
        said…

        I am from maldives I dont know much hindi but I guess the saying ‘sun raha hai na tu’ can be also reffered for you are not listening. Am I right guys? Correct me If I am wrong Thanks appreciate the hard work of bollymeaning.com
        ~shahin

        MANJUNATH KANADE
        said…

        wonder full llrics… love this song. lyrics.. feeling to write some songs

        Anonymous
        said…

        sun rahi h na tu kyu ro raha tha me ab tak

        aliya
        said…

        wow.i am a keralite i dont know hindi much.still i can understand what this song means.i have experienced such feeling.this song makes me cry.hats off to sandeep nath.

        Anonymous
        said…

        Good and Correct Lyrics……….

        Anonymous
        said…

        Vooov…., nce song

        Anonymous
        said…

        Ruswa means Ruined…..u illiterates!

        Anonymous
        said…

        Lvly song..heart touching..

        Anonymous
        said…

        all songz r supperb…. mov was nyc too….

        Anonymous
        said…

        People We should Apreciate The Singer! :\
        U all are fighting! :p
        # Appreciate | 😀 Go well |

        Anonymous
        said…

        really nyc song

        kiran poojary
        said…

        ruswa means …wtf…

        Anonymous
        said…

        Ruswa means ‘badnam’

        Anonymous
        said…

        Fabuolas song kamaal k songz hen nd movie also best

        Jeetendra
        said…

        I missed KK in this song…..he will dedefinitely make more fabulous song than current

        Syed kashif Ali
        said…

        Ruswa mean badnam ohk guyz…bt if any1 create his own meaning dan no1 can do anything in dis mattttter lol

        Syed kashif Ali
        said…

        Yar guyz ruswa mean badnam if any 1 creat his/her own meaning dan no1 can do anythng in dis situation lol par jo v hy i love dis song mindblowing

        Anonymous
        said…

        yawrOn 1 word ka 1 meanIng tu nI hta na or wese b hmne kn sa english me ye song cmpose krna ha jo sb bichre ko bol ry ooo :p

        Mitesh Vasava
        said…

        i dont think so.. sometime ppl like to hear new voice.. and song is awesome the way it is.. and great singer

        Anonymous
        said…

        it’s really owsome song yr.very nice.

        Anonymous
        said…

        Nice & heart touching song…

        www.facebook.com/civilbkec

        Anonymous
        said…

        Nyc song ..love it

        Anonymous
        said…

        Ruswa means khafaa.. As in rutha hua.. And that is coming from an Urdu speaking person so the argument ends here, I hope.
        Nice song.

        raheel shaikh
        said…

        Ruswa ,, Mean .. Badnam Hona .,!! Like ,, Sntence . Tere Ishq Main Ruswa ho k Chale ,!! Mean Badnam ho k chale ,!!

        Anonymous
        said…

        Chill guys……..!!!! Everyone got deir own meanings wid deir own experiences n understandingg… Whether ruswa means sad or angry or badnaam wateva…. Jst njoy da song…..

        Anonymous
        said…

        it’s so awsum song yaar…
        nice lyrics

        Aamir Rashid
        said…

        Nice and heart touching lyrics…
        I just love this composition.

        Aamir Rashid
        said…

        I agree with u

        Anonymous
        said…

        love this song the best song i have ever heard

        Anonymous
        said…

        i love the song,the composition and even the singer…but lyrics is too much when it says sun raha hai na tu..ro raha hoo mai

        shiba sankar giri
        said…

        Kia song hei verri verri nice.

        Davinder Singh
        said…

        Ruswa (रुसवा) is a common Urdu word which means dishonoured. The word is generally used as ruswa hona (to be dishonored) and ruswa karna (to dishonor someone).

        Yasmin Ansari
        said…

        Its "Apne karam ki kar adayein not atayein….

        Subodhraj
        said…

        amezing song dude …love it heartly…thankx to whos lyrics dis song…Sun rahaa hai naa tu
        Ro rahaa hoon main
        Sun raha hai naa tu
        Kyun ro raha hoon main……song’s awsome …jitni v tarif kro kam hai.

        Pankaj Sabnani
        said…

        This song is adressed to God, right?

        Anonymous
        said…

        yes ruswa means upset or sad

        Anonymous
        said…

        Love this song ,I don’t even have words that can explain how I feel when I listen to it and I honestly would say It’s a ten out of ten and also the movie is superb ,best in like 3 years now for me.

        Anonymous
        said…

        Heart touching song… This song is mine favroite song

        Anonymous
        said…

        Sune raha hai na….tu….this song is realy touching the heart…hw meaning full..
        But the film couldnt understand….

        yasoda
        said…


        ‘Ro raha hu mein" awesome song…i cried wen i first listen to that song …biggest hit

        Sheikh Eshfaq
        said…

        nice Song

        Anonymous
        said…

        dude dts juz d begining of d movie, i guess u were crying throughout,were u alive after listening to bhula dena, i guess u burstd into tears

        Anonymous
        said…

        awsm lyrics amazin composition,ankit tiwari rockzz,best movie of these 5 yrs. .

        Anonymous
        said…

        U have never heard the term zaleel o ruswa? Ruswa means infamous, negative repute.

        Anonymous
        said…

        Wow ! It’s the best song all around the world .so many comments ! The singer ,actor and actress and the director are great .Thanks to them n may god bless.

        sujitb
        said…

        I see positivity in the song, help is asked to almighty and total dedication to him.

        Anonymous
        said…

        i m so sad to watch it
        Oh yaara.
        wt a skrike to bo0m deep

        Hidden Star
        said…

        Ruswa Boly To Khwar Hona Kya….MamOOoO

        hugs
        said…

        its all songs are really heart touching; also a nice illusive tale the file is;

        Prince Jog
        said…

        Same my love story nice song oh god why

        Anonymous
        said…

        Really touchyyy

        Anonymous
        said…

        Yes me TOO

        nainaa
        said…

        vryyy nice ssooonngggg…..aaahhhh aadi lv u

        Anonymous
        said…

        oh! God i wanna learn hindi…… I just luv hindi songszzz any1 there 2 help me?

        Narma
        said…

        whts ur prob guys?? if u kno’ hindi means thn y do u look for lyrics with translation?? so annoyin!!!

        sai srikanth kundurthy
        said…

        i see what shyma explained was correct

        Anonymous
        said…

        nigaahein means what?

        Anonymous
        said…

        "Rushwa" means naraz hona it means "Disappointment"

        arshad ahmed
        said…

        Nice and good

        EMRAAN
        said…

        Nice song,good lyrics but voice is not good

        Anonymous
        said…

        Very very nice song

        Anonymous
        said…

        Very nice and good voice

        Anonymous
        said…

        I speak Arabic and English both and a little bit of Urdu, I don’t understand much Hindi but this song is amazing! Got lots of feeling and emotions .. I’m totally in love with Bollywood and Indian songs specially "do pal" .. Thanks for the translation, really appreciate it 🙂 x -Glories

        Anonymous
        said…

        I really love this…heart touching.. female version of this songe (by shreya goshal) also awesome…am listening to this song at least twice a day…This is gonna be my favorite after "Abhi mujhme kahin" by sonu nigam… awesome song.. love this!

        bharatkumar rajendran
        said…

        Lovable song…

        regards,

        bharatkumarr.blogspot.in

        Anonymous
        said…

        gr8 song pls guys start a section for hindi subs too , it would be nice for people who dont know hindi to get the meaning while watching the video

        Anonymous
        said…

        According to google translate
        Ruswa = "Blocked"

        …check out the link below…

        http://translate.google.com/#hi/en/%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BE

        KAJOL BORGE
        said…

        WHAT THE HELL!!!!!!!! Who cares what the word "ruswa"means??? Just focus on the song…its truely mind blowing..loved it yaar!!!

        Athira
        said…

        superb lyrics…n the song is awsm..actually i love this song.. Soo nice..

        Anonymous
        said…

        what is the meaning of?..it is for whome…for god or lover

        lisa
        said…

        im from indonesia, hmm ya ireally like this song , really touch my heart….. the meaning of song so nice

        Anonymous
        said…

        This song really really really really flattered me
        N m a very very very very very big fan of shreya ghoshal……… <3 it

        Anonymous
        said…

        im from philippines, the song TUM HI HO are superb! I just accidentally downloaded it , but when i watched the video and listen to the song, i hooked up! It was a really nice song.

        Anonymous
        said…

        I think song is meant for god the words and feeling is directed towards god who we are all looking for and searching for love

        Anonymous
        said…

        I need english translation to the Gazal "Ye kasak dil ki dil me chupi reh gayi".. i love this song. Pls send it to [email protected] thanks in advance

        Sandra
        said…

        soul toucng song!!!!! beyond words n xprssns!! spell bound actually…… mujh ko iraade de

        Anonymous
        said…

        vryyyyyyyyy nice song.

        Anonymous
        said…

        Iam a keralite.I dont know hindi well. "waqt bhi thethra hai" What this line means?

        Harshit Gupta
        said…

        That means ‘even time is stopped’.

        Rose Dano
        said…

        This hindi song is so beautifully created. The lyrics, the feelings and the melody of this song is all great! I dont undertsand hindi, but the melody and the instruments are enough to love the song. Im from the philippines, and im happy to say indians are talented! The movie aashiqui 2 must be brought to some asian countries and be dubbed in english. This wiil surely be a hit love story movie. 🙂

        SUMEDHA G
        said…

        Ruswab means khafa!!!!!!!!

        Drona
        said…

        Wonderful lyrics. Reminds me of my love life. Wonderful memories. This song is good for emergency conveying of message. Yet leaves so much unsaid. So much to say, but this is not the place nor the time.I love how it says you’re listening right? Like saying, you know I love you right?

        sun raha hai na?!
        said…

        What a way to say goodbye. Why is it so hard to say good bye? Its impossible. Difficult to move on without a goodbye. So a good bye is necessary but not forthcoming.

        To typo lady
        said…

        You asked me on phone from India whether I repent what happened. Here is my answer: YES. I got myself into trouble, but nearly got your married life into trouble too. K was planning on coming to DTB to tell him about you and what we were up to. Just then you decided to speak to K. So I tried to warn you against it by sending a message to Cinderella that you shouldn’t play with fire or else you’ll get burnt. You see what’s at stake now don’t you? The love of my life, my marriage, my kids AND your married life too!
        All this mess I did because of 26th JUNE confession! Sun raha hai na? Kyun roh raha hun main?

        To genius
        said…

        You keep asking WHY? What happened? Well, the day you were out on your date with PAK, Tayab Ali came to me disturbed. Telling me that he felt like he was losing me. And that’s when I confessed to him that there was someone who I felt strongly for. It took me two weeks to tell him EVERYTHING. He asked for all the details-each and every detail. All this for me to prove my love for him. He took two months to decide whether he still wanted me in his life or not. To him, I had to be here with him with full MIND, BODY and SOUL. According to him, I can’t be in love with two people at the same time. So either it was you or him. Me choosing him wasn’t enough. I had to prove it. I had to gain his trust again. And this I could only achieve with TRUTH. Hence every time I see you, hear about you etc, I have to report it to him.
        Betrayal to Tayab ali started from the day I confessed my love for you. He accepts that I had feelings for you. But to have ACTED upon those feelings is where I BETRAYED him. I ought to have stopped playing sports altogether with you and walked away back then only.
        Instead I chose the path which he describes as having had an affair – Regardless of the physical aspects of our relation. I agree with him. I had an affair. Now I and you are paying the price for it. NO CONTACT-not direct, not indirect. To avoid any rekindling of flames.
        He says if I have to hide anything from him, it shows that I am betraying him in some way or another! Again, I agree.
        I love him. And now need to work on correcting my wrong doing.

        To arjun
        said…

        I have new names for you. Sun raha hai na?
        Sapna-Because you are now a dream for me.
        Largesse-means same as Danveera. Because you gave sacrifices such as the sports chat, sports, moms group, your time and most important of all, you value me when no one else does.
        4:26-Because the sight of this number and you give me peace no matter what my day is like. And my days have mostly been gloomy the last 5 months. Only exception is when K is with me. When he’s with me, I dread the sight of 426 and you.
        Lastly, you are Taboo-because I can’t say your name. I am not allowed to. Neither anything associated with you. friends, your family, songs we shared, pictures, emails, things etc. he’s managed to restrict me with all physical aspects. Now he’s trying to remove you from my memories, from my heart.

        song lover….
        said…

        im a lover of tis sng…made me mad….fell in love vit the feel…jus 4get evrythinn tnk u soooooooo much 4 ankit nd sandeep nath 4 makin t the best….. <3 <3 <3

        Preethi Sapna
        said…

        really nice song…feeling so sad

        Rema Hari
        said…

        i love this song what an un imaginable feelings in this song beautiful music and beautiful voice

        Anonymous
        said…

        yaaraaa

        Anonymous
        said…

        One hard worker and dozens of critics!!! Perfection is expensive and short-lived. Close enough is good enough. If you take this attitude, you’ll enjoy life more.

        resh881
        said…

        Lol some just said it right 🙂 I agree

        Anonymous
        said…

        Wat a song!! I dunno hindi but am hearin for almost 100th time repeated..

        Bala M Mack
        said…

        I think

        Dil ko thikaaney de
        Naye bahaaney de

        Means
        Give me the power to stop the heart
        Or let it go

        Anonymous
        said…

        I Really Like The Female Version Of This Song

        Anonymous
        said…

        superbbb. song……….luv de lyrics nd de song……..so niceee song…

        Anonymous
        said…

        Why everyone putting so much negative comments based on word be greatfull atleast somebody out there trying to translate it for you guys I’m english and it took so long to find the translation of this song..l

        xolo
        said…

        Nice song

        Anonymous
        said…

        relly a heart touching song..its amazing!!!

        Anonymous
        said…

        I am from UK. i dont know Hindi but still i love this super song thanks to Ankit Tiwari , Sandeep Nath meanings touched me a lot…………

        Anonymous
        said…

        Im juz melting whn listening to tiz song….yar..r u listening or nt dear? Im crying er….apne karam ki kara adaayein, kar de idhar bhi tu nigaahein…..i luv u so much my hubby…. #K……N
        From ur wife M……i

        Anonymous
        said…

        Dont you all really have some work.. u all simply sit and comment like idiots.. OMG!! How jobless one can be..?

        Rahul rathor
        said…

        What a song yr

        Rahul Rathor
        said…

        Heart touching

        Rahul Rathor
        said…

        Be positive

        Anonymous
        said…

        I love the song even I am from Philippine ….it really means lots of love…it touch the heart or the lover..

        Anonymous
        said…

        In which language was wrote this song?


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